The SP5524 is programmed from an I C BUS. Data and
Clock are fed in on the SDA and SCL lines respectively as
local oscillator control voltage until the output of the program-
mable divider is frequency and phase locked to the comparison
defined by the I C Bus format. The synthesiser can either
accept new data (write mode) or send data (read mode). The
Tables in Fig. 3 illustrate the format of the data. The device
can be programmed to respond to several addresses, which
The reference frequency may be generated by an external
source capacitively coupled into pin 2 or provided by an on-
chip 4MHz crystal controlled oscillator.
enables the use of more than one synthesiser in an I C BUS
Note that the comparison frequency is 7·8125kHz when a
system. Table 4 shows how the address is selected by
applying a voltage to P7. The LSB of the address byte (R/W)
sets the device into read mode if it is high and write mode if
it is low. When the SP5524 receives a correct address byte
it pulls the SDA line low during the acknowledge period and
during following acknowledge periods after further data bytes
are programmed. When the SP5524 is programmed into the
read mode the controlling device accepting the data must pull
down the SDA line during the following acknowledge period
to read another status byte.
4MHz reference is used.
Bit 2 of Byte 4 of the programming data (CP) controls the
current in the charge pump circuit, a logic 1 for ±170µA and
a logic 0 for ±50µA, allowing compensation for the variable
tuning slope of the tuner and also to enable fast channel
changes over the full band. Bit 4 of Byte 4 (T0) disables the
charge pump if set to a logic 1. Bit 8 of Byte 4 (OS) switches
the charge pump drive amplifier’s output off when it is set to
a logic 1. Bit 3 of Byte 4 (T1) selects a test mode where the
phase comparator inputs are available on P6 and P7, a logic
connects FCOMP to P6 and FDIV to P7.
Byte5programstheoutputportsP0-P3, P6andP7, alogic
WRITE MODE (FREQUENCY SYNTHESIS)
When the device is in the write mode Bytes 2+3 select the
synthesised frequency while Bytes 4+5 select the output port
states and charge pump information.
0 for a high impedance output, logic 1 for low impedance (on).
Once the correct address is received and acknowledged,
the first bit of the next byte determines whether that byte is
interpreted as Byte 2 or 4, a logic 0 for frequency information
and a logic 1 for charge pump and output port information.
Additional data bytes can be entered without the need to re-
address the device until an I C stop condition is recognised.
This allows a smooth frequency sweep for fine tuning or AFC
When the device is in the read mode the status data read
from the device on the SDA line takes the form shown in Table
Bit 1 (POR) is the power on reset indicator and is set to a
logic 1 if the power supply to the device has dropped below a
nominal 3V and the programmed information lost (e.g., when
the device is initially turned on). The POR is set to 0 when the
are all set to high impedance when the device is initially
powered up. Bit 2 (FL) indicates whether the device is phase
locked, a logic 1 is present if the device is locked and a logic
0 if the device is unlocked.
Bits 3, 4 and 5 (I2, I1, I0) show the status of the I/O Ports
P0, P2 and P3 respectively. A logic 0 indicates a low level and
a logic 1 a high level. If the ports are to be used as inputs they
should be programmed to a high impedance state (logic1).
These inputs will then respond to data complying with stand-
ard TTL voltage levels. Bits 6, 7 and 8 (A2,A1,A0) combine to
give the output of the 5-level ADC.
If the transmission of data is stopped mid-byte (e.g., by
another device on the bus) then the previously programmed
byte is maintained.
register and is used to control the division ratio of the 15-bit
programmable divider which is preceded by a divide-by-8
prescaler and amplifier to give excellent sensitivity at the local
oscillator input; see Fig 5. The input impedance is shown in
The programmed frequency can be calculated by multiply-
ing the programmed division ratio by 8 times the comparison
When frequency data is entered, the phase comparator,
via the charge pump and varactor drive amplifier, adjusts the
The 5-level ADC can be used to feed AFC information to
the microprocessor from the IF section of the television, as
illustrated in Fig. 4.