电子工程世界电子工程世界电子工程世界

型号

产品描述

搜索
 

DS18B20Z

器件型号:DS18B20Z
器件类别:传感器   
厂商名称:DALLAS
厂商官网:http://www.dalsemi.com
下载文档

器件描述

DIGITAL TEMP SENSOR-SERIAL, 12BIT(s), 0.50Cel, RECTANGULAR, SURFACE MOUNT

数字温度连续传感器, 12BIT(s), 0.50Cel, 矩形的, 表面贴装

参数

DS18B20Z最大供电电压 5.5 V
DS18B20Z最小供电电压 3 V
DS18B20Z最大工作温度 125 Cel
DS18B20Z最小工作温度 -55 Cel
DS18B20Z最大精度 0.5000
DS18B20Z加工封装描述 0.150 INCH, SOIC-8
DS18B20Z状态 TRANSFERRED
DS18B20Z外罩 塑料
DS18B20Z安装特点 表面贴装
DS18B20Z端子类型 焊接
DS18B20Z工作电流 1 mA
DS18B20Z包装类型 矩形的
DS18B20Z位数 12
DS18B20Z输出接口类型 1-线 接口
DS18B20Z传感器类型 串行

文档预览

DS18B20Z器件文档内容

                                                                                                         PRELIMINARY

                                                                                DS18B20

                                                        Programmable Resolution
                                                     1-Wire Digital Thermometer

www.dalsemi.com                                      PIN ASSIGNMENT

FEATURES                                                        DALLAS         BOTTOM VIEW
                                                                                    123
     Unique 1-Wire interface requires only one                DS1820
     port pin for communication
     Multidrop capability simplifies distributed              123
     temperature sensing applications
     Requires no external components                                           DS18B20 To-92
     Can be powered from data line. Power supply                                    Package
     range is 3.0V to 5.5V
     Zero standby power required                                          NC   1  8                 NC
     Measures temperatures from -55C to
     +125C. Fahrenheit equivalent is -67F to                            NC   2  7                 NC
     +257F
     0.5C accuracy from -10C to +85C                      GND         VDD  3  6                 NC
     Thermometer resolution is programmable                      DQ
     from 9 to 12 bits                                                    DQ   4  5                 GND
     Converts 12-bit temperature to digital word in                  VDD
     750 ms (max.)
     User-definable, nonvolatile temperature alarm                                   DS18B20Z
     settings                                                                 8-Pin SOIC (150 mil)
     Alarm search command identifies and
     addresses devices whose temperature is          PIN DESCRIPTION
     outside of programmed limits (temperature
     alarm condition)                                GND - Ground
     Applications include thermostatic controls,     DQ - Data In/Out
     industrial systems, consumer products,          VDD - Power Supply Voltage
     thermometers, or any thermally sensitive        NC - No Connect
     system

DESCRIPTION

The DS18B20 Digital Thermometer provides 9 to 12-bit (configurable) temperature readings which
indicate the temperature of the device.

Information is sent to/from the DS18B20 over a 1-Wire interface, so that only one wire (and ground)
needs to be connected from a central microprocessor to a DS18B20. Power for reading, writing, and
performing temperature conversions can be derived from the data line itself with no need for an external
power source.

Because each DS18B20 contains a unique silicon serial number, multiple DS18B20s can exist on the
same 1-Wire bus. This allows for placing temperature sensors in many different places. Applications
where this feature is useful include HVAC environmental controls, sensing temperatures inside buildings,
equipment or machinery, and process monitoring and control.

                                                     1 of 27                                  050400
                                                                                      DS18B20

DETAILED PIN DESCRIPTION Table 1

PIN  PIN

8PIN SOIC TO92 SYMBOL DESCRIPTION

5    1    GND Ground.

4    2    DQ Data Input/Output pin. For 1-Wire operation: Open

          drain. (See "Parasite Power" section.)

3    3    VDD Optional VDD pin. See "Parasite Power" section for

          details of connection. VDD must be grounded for

          operation in parasite power mode.

DS18B20Z (8-pin SOIC): All pins not specified in this table are not to be connected.

OVERVIEW

The block diagram of Figure 1 shows the major components of the DS18B20. The DS18B20 has four
main data components: 1) 64-bit lasered ROM, 2) temperature sensor, 3) nonvolatile temperature alarm
triggers TH and TL, and 4) a configuration register. The device derives its power from the 1-Wire
communication line by storing energy on an internal capacitor during periods of time when the signal line
is high and continues to operate off this power source during the low times of the 1-Wire line until it
returns high to replenish the parasite (capacitor) supply. As an alternative, the DS18B20 may also be
powered from an external 3 volt - 5.5 volt supply.

Communication to the DS18B20 is via a 1-Wire port. With the 1-Wire port, the memory and control
functions will not be available before the ROM function protocol has been established. The master must
first provide one of five ROM function commands: 1) Read ROM, 2) Match ROM, 3) Search ROM, 4)
Skip ROM, or 5) Alarm Search. These commands operate on the 64-bit lasered ROM portion of each
device and can single out a specific device if many are present on the 1-Wire line as well as indicate to
the bus master how many and what types of devices are present. After a ROM function sequence has
been successfully executed, the memory and control functions are accessible and the master may then
provide any one of the six memory and control function commands.

One control function command instructs the DS18B20 to perform a temperature measurement. The result
of this measurement will be placed in the DS18B20's scratch-pad memory, and may be read by issuing a
memory function command which reads the contents of the scratchpad memory. The temperature alarm
triggers TH and TL consist of 1 byte EEPROM each. If the alarm search command is not applied to the
DS18B20, these registers may be used as general purpose user memory. The scratchpad also contains a
configuration byte to set the desired resolution of the temperature to digital conversion. Writing TH, TL,
and the configuration byte is done using a memory function command. Read access to these registers is
through the scratchpad. All data is read and written least significant bit first.

                                  2 of 27
                                               DS18B20

DS18B20 BLOCK DIAGRAM Figure 1

                                  MEMORY AND
                                CONTROL LOGIC

                   64-BIT ROM

DQ                 AND

                   1-WIRE PORT                 TEMPERATURE SENSOR

     INTERNAL VDD               SCRATCHPAD       HIGH TEMPERATURE
                                                       TRIGGER, TH

     POWER                        8-BIT CRC    LOW TEMPERATURE
                                GENERATOR           TRIGGER, TL
VDD  SUPPLY
                                                 CONFIGURATION
     SENSE                                            REGISTER

PARASITE POWER

The block diagram (Figure 1) shows the parasite-powered circuitry. This circuitry "steals" power
whenever the DQ or VDD pins are high. DQ will provide sufficient power as long as the specified timing
and voltage requirements are met (see the section titled "1-Wire Bus System"). The advantages of
parasite power are twofold: 1) by parasiting off this pin, no local power source is needed for remote
sensing of temperature, and 2) the ROM may be read in absence of normal power.

In order for the DS18B20 to be able to perform accurate temperature conversions, sufficient power must
be provided over the DQ line when a temperature conversion is taking place. Since the operating current
of the DS18B20 is up to 1.5 mA, the DQ line will not have sufficient drive due to the 5k pullup resistor.
This problem is particularly acute if several DS18B20s are on the same DQ and attempting to convert
simultaneously.

There are two ways to assure that the DS18B20 has sufficient supply current during its active conversion

cycle. The first is to provide a strong pullup on the DQ line whenever temperature conversions or copies
to the E2 memory are taking place. This may be accomplished by using a MOSFET to pull the DQ line

directly to the power supply as shown in Figure 2. The DQ line must be switched over to the strong pull-
up within 10 s maximum after issuing any protocol that involves copying to the E2 memory or initiates
temperature conversions. When using the parasite power mode, the VDD pin must be tied to ground.

Another method of supplying current to the DS18B20 is through the use of an external power supply tied
to the VDD pin, as shown in Figure 3. The advantage to this is that the strong pullup is not required on the
DQ line, and the bus master need not be tied up holding that line high during temperature conversions.
This allows other data traffic on the 1-Wire bus during the conversion time. In addition, any number of
DS18B20s may be placed on the 1-Wire bus, and if they all use external power, they may all
simultaneously perform temperature conversions by issuing the Skip ROM command and then issuing the
Convert T command. Note that as long as the external power supply is active, the GND pin may not be
floating.

The use of parasite power is not recommended above 100C, since it may not be able to sustain
communications given the higher leakage currents the DS18B20 exhibits at these temperatures. For
applications in which such temperatures are likely, it is strongly recommended that VDD be applied to the
DS18B20.

                                                                             3 of 27
                                                                                                                                               DS18B20

For situations where the bus master does not know whether the DS18B20s on the bus are parasite
powered or supplied with external VDD, a provision is made in the DS18B20 to signal the power supply
scheme used. The bus master can determine if any DS18B20s are on the bus which require the strong
pullup by sending a Skip ROM protocol, then issuing the read power supply command. After this
command is issued, the master then issues read time slots. The DS18B20 will send back "0" on the
1-Wire bus if it is parasite powered; it will send back a "1" if it is powered from the VDD pin. If the
master receives a "0," it knows that it must supply the strong pullup on the DQ line during temperature
conversions. See "Memory Command Functions" section for more detail on this command protocol.

STRONG PULLUP FOR SUPPLYING DS18B20 DURING TEMPERATURE
CONVERSION Figure 2

                                                                          +3V - +5.5V
                                                                                                              DS18B20

                +3V - +5.5V                   GND           VDD

                          4.7k
P

                                              I/O

USING VDD TO SUPPLY TEMPERATURE CONVERSION CURRENT Figure 3

                                              DS18B20            TO OTHER
                                                                   1-WIRE
                                                                  DEVICES

                +3V - +5.5V                            VDD
                          4.7k
                                         I/O                EXTERNAL
P
                                                            +3V - +5.5V

                                                                 SUPPLY

                                4 of 27
                                                                                                                                               DS18B20

OPERATION - MEASURING TEMPERATURE

The core functionality of the DS18B20 is its direct-to-digital temperature sensor. The resolution of the
DS18B20 is configurable (9, 10, 11, or 12 bits), with 12-bit readings the factory default state. This
equates to a temperature resolution of 0.5C, 0.25C, 0.125C, or 0.0625C. Following the issuance of
the Convert T [44h] command, a temperature conversion is performed and the thermal data is stored in
the scratchpad memory in a 16-bit, sign-extended two's complement format. The temperature
information can be retrieved over the 1-Wire interface by issuing a Read Scratchpad [BEh] command
once the conversion has been performed. The data is transferred over the 1-Wire bus, LSB first. The
MSB of the temperature register contains the "sign" (S) bit, denoting whether the temperature is positive
or negative.

Table 2 describes the exact relationship of output data to measured temperature. The table assumes 12-bit
resolution. If the DS18B20 is configured for a lower resolution, insignificant bits will contain zeros. For
Fahrenheit usage, a lookup table or conversion routine must be used.

Temperature/Data Relationships Table 2

23 22 21 20 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 LSB

MSb         (unit = C)  LSb

S S S S S 26 25 24 MSB

TEMPERATURE DIGITAL OUTPUT                  DIGITAL
                                  (Binary)  OUTPUT

  +125C    0000 0111 1101 0000               (Hex)
   +85C    0000 0101 0101 0000               07D0h
+25.0625C  0000 0001 1001 0001               0550h*
+10.125C   0000 0000 1010 0010               0191h
   +0.5C   0000 0000 0000 1000               00A2h
            0000 0000 0000 0000               0008h
     0C    1111 1111 1111 1000               0000h
   -0.5C   1111 1111 0101 1110               FFF8h
-10.125C  1111 1110 0110 1111               FF5Eh
-25.0625C  1111 1100 1001 0000               FF6Fh
   -55C                                      FC90h

*The power on reset register value is +85C.

OPERATION - ALARM SIGNALING

After the DS18B20 has performed a temperature conversion, the temperature value is compared to the
trigger values stored in TH and TL. Since these registers are 8-bit only, bits 9-12 are ignored for
comparison. The most significant bit of TH or TL directly corresponds to the sign bit of the 16-bit
temperature register. If the result of a temperature measurement is higher than TH or lower than TL, an
alarm flag inside the device is set. This flag is updated with every temperature measurement. As long as
the alarm flag is set, the DS18B20 will respond to the alarm search command. This allows many
DS18B20s to be connected in parallel doing simultaneous temperature measurements. If somewhere the
temperature exceeds the limits, the alarming device(s) can be identified and read immediately without
having to read non-alarming devices.

                                                                             5 of 27
                                                                                                                                               DS18B20

64-BIT LASERED ROM

Each DS18B20 contains a unique ROM code that is 64-bits long. The first 8 bits are a 1-Wire family
code (DS18B20 code is 28h). The next 48 bits are a unique serial number. The last 8 bits are a CRC of
the first 56 bits. (See Figure 4.) The 64-bit ROM and ROM Function Control section allow the DS18B20
to operate as a 1-Wire device and follow the 1-Wire protocol detailed in the section "1-Wire Bus
System." The functions required to control sections of the DS18B20 are not accessible until the ROM
function protocol has been satisfied. This protocol is described in the ROM function protocol flowchart
(Figure 5). The 1-Wire bus master must first provide one of five ROM function commands: 1) Read
ROM, 2) Match ROM, 3) Search ROM, 4) Skip ROM, or 5) Alarm Search. After a ROM function
sequence has been successfully executed, the functions specific to the DS18B20 are accessible and the
bus master may then provide one of the six memory and control function commands.

CRC GENERATION

The DS18B20 has an 8-bit CRC stored in the most significant byte of the 64-bit ROM. The bus master
can compute a CRC value from the first 56-bits of the 64-bit ROM and compare it to the value stored
within the DS18B20 to determine if the ROM data has been received error-free by the bus master. The
equivalent polynomial function of this CRC is:

             CRC = X8 + X5 + X4 + 1

The DS18B20 also generates an 8-bit CRC value using the same polynomial function shown above and
provides this value to the bus master to validate the transfer of data bytes. In each case where a CRC is
used for data transfer validation, the bus master must calculate a CRC value using the polynomial
function given above and compare the calculated value to either the 8-bit CRC value stored in the 64-bit
ROM portion of the DS18B20 (for ROM reads) or the 8-bit CRC value computed within the DS18B20
(which is read as a ninth byte when the scratchpad is read). The comparison of CRC values and decision
to continue with an operation are determined entirely by the bus master. There is no circuitry inside the
DS18B20 that prevents a command sequence from proceeding if the CRC stored in or calculated by the
DS18B20 does not match the value generated by the bus master.

The 1-Wire CRC can be generated using a polynomial generator consisting of a shift register and XOR
gates as shown in Figure 6. Additional information about the Dallas 1-Wire Cyclic Redundancy Check is
available in Application Note 27 entitled "Understanding and Using Cyclic Redundancy Checks with
Dallas Semiconductor Touch Memory Products."

The shift register bits are initialized to 0. Then starting with the least significant bit of the family code,

1 bit at a time is shifted in. After the 8th bit of the family code has been entered, then the serial number is
entered. After the 48th bit of the serial number has been entered, the shift register contains the CRC

value. Shifting in the 8 bits of CRC should return the shift register to all 0s.

64-BIT LASERED ROM Figure 4

     8-BIT CRC CODE  48-BIT SERIAL NUMBER  8-BIT FAMILY CODE
                                                      (28h)

MSB                  LSB MSB           LSB MSB  LSB

                              6 of 27
                                   DS18B20

ROM FUNCTIONS FLOW CHART Figure 5

7 of 27
1-WIRE CRC CODE Figure 6                                                               DS18B20
                                                                                     INPUT

                          XOR           XOR                                          XOR

(MSB)                                                                         (LSB)

MEMORY

The DS18B20's memory is organized as shown in Figure 8. The memory consists of a scratchpad RAM
and a nonvolatile, electrically erasable (E2) RAM, which stores the high and low temperature triggers TH
and TL, and the configuration register. The scratchpad helps insure data integrity when communicating
over the 1-Wire bus. Data is first written to the scratchpad using the Write Scratchpad [4Eh] command.
It can then be verified by using the Read Scratchpad [BEh] command. After the data has been verified, a
Copy Scratchpad [48h] command will transfer the data to the nonvolatile (E2) RAM. This process insures
data integrity when modifying memory. The DS18B20 EEPROM is rated for a minimum of 50,000
writes and 10 years data retention at T = +55C.

The scratchpad is organized as eight bytes of memory. The first 2 bytes contain the LSB and the MSB of
the measured temperature information, respectively. The third and fourth bytes are volatile copies of TH
and TL and are refreshed with every power-on reset. The fifth byte is a volatile copy of the configuration
register and is refreshed with every power-on reset. The configuration register will be explained in more
detail later in this section of the datasheet. The sixth, seventh, and eighth bytes are used for internal
computations, and thus will not read out any predictable pattern.

It is imperative that one writes TH, TL, and config in succession; i.e. a write is not valid if one writes
only to TH and TL, for example, and then issues a reset. If any of these bytes must be written, all three
must be written before a reset is issued.

There is a ninth byte which may be read with a Read Scratchpad [BEh] command. This byte contains a
cyclic redundancy check (CRC) byte which is the CRC over all of the eight previous bytes. This CRC is
implemented in the fashion described in the section titled "CRC Generation".

Configuration Register

The fifth byte of the scratchpad memory is the configuration register.

It contains information which will be used by the device to determine the resolution of the temperature to
digital conversion. The bits are organized as shown in Figure 7.

DS18B20 CONFIGURATION REGISTER Figure 7

         0 R1 R0 1 1 1                                             11
       MSb                                                               LSb

Bits 0-4 are don't cares on a write but will always read out "1".
Bit 7 is a don't care on a write but will always read out "0".

                               8 of 27
                                                                                                                                               DS18B20

R0, R1: Thermometer resolution bits. Table 3 below defines the resolution of the digital thermometer,
based on the settings of these 2 bits. There is a direct tradeoff between resolution and conversion time, as
depicted in the AC Electrical Characteristics. The factory default of these EEPROM bits is R0=1 and
R1=1 (12-bit conversions).

Thermometer Resolution Configuration Table 3

R1 R0 Thermometer                     Max Conversion

                 Resolution                   Time

0       0        9 bit       93.75 ms (tconv/8)

0       1        10 bit      187.5 ms (tconv/4)

1       0        11 bit               375 ms  (tconv/2)

1       1        12 bit               750 ms  (tconv)

DS18B20 MEMORY MAP Figure 8

     SCRATCHPAD  BYTE                 E2 RAM
TEMPERATURE LSB     0

TEMPERATURE MSB 1

TH/USER BYTE 1   2           TH/USER BYTE 1

TL/USER BYTE 2   3           TL/USER BYTE 2

CONFIG           4                    CONFIG

RESERVED         5

RESERVED         6

RESERVED         7

   CRC           8

                             9 of 27
                                                                                                                                               DS18B20

1-WIRE BUS SYSTEM

The 1-Wire bus is a system which has a single bus master and one or more slaves. The DS18B20
behaves as a slave. The discussion of this bus system is broken down into three topics: hardware
configuration, transaction sequence, and 1-Wire signaling (signal types and timing).

HARDWARE CONFIGURATION

The 1-Wire bus has only a single line by definition; it is important that each device on the bus be able to
drive it at the appropriate time. To facilitate this, each device attached to the 1-Wire bus must have open
drain or 3-state outputs. The 1-Wire port of the DS18B20 (DQ pin) is open drain with an internal circuit
equivalent to that shown in Figure 9. A multidrop bus consists of a 1-Wire bus with multiple slaves
attached. The 1-Wire bus requires a pullup resistor of approximately 5 k.

HARDWARE CONFIGURATION Figure 9

                                   +3V - +5V

BUS MASTER  4.7K                       DS18B20 1-WIRE PORT
RX                                                                       RX

                                 5 A            TX
                                       100 OHM
TX                               Typ.

                                       MOSFET

                  RX = RECEIVE
                  TX = TRANSMIT

The idle state for the 1-Wire bus is high. If for any reason a transaction needs to be suspended, the bus
MUST be left in the idle state if the transaction is to resume. Infinite recovery time can occur between
bits so long as the 1-Wire bus is in the inactive (high) state during the recovery period. If this does not
occur and the bus is left low for more than 480 s, all components on the bus will be reset.

TRANSACTION SEQUENCE

The protocol for accessing the DS18B20 via the 1-Wire port is as follows:

    Initialization

    ROM Function Command

    Memory Function Command

    Transaction/Data

                  10 of 27
                                                                                                                                               DS18B20

INITIALIZATION

All transactions on the 1-Wire bus begin with an initialization sequence. The initialization sequence
consists of a reset pulse transmitted by the bus master followed by presence pulse(s) transmitted by the
slave(s).

The presence pulse lets the bus master know that the DS18B20 is on the bus and is ready to operate. For
more details, see the "1-Wire Signaling" section.

ROM FUNCTION COMMANDS

Once the bus master has detected a presence, it can issue one of the five ROM function commands. All
ROM function commands are 8 bits long. A list of these commands follows (refer to flowchart in
Figure 5):

Read ROM [33h]

This command allows the bus master to read the DS18B20's 8-bit family code, unique 48-bit serial
number, and 8-bit CRC. This command can only be used if there is a single DS18B20 on the bus. If
more than one slave is present on the bus, a data collision will occur when all slaves try to transmit at the
same time (open drain will produce a wired AND result).

Match ROM [55h]

The match ROM command, followed by a 64-bit ROM sequence, allows the bus master to address a
specific DS18B20 on a multidrop bus. Only the DS18B20 that exactly matches the 64-bit ROM sequence
will respond to the following memory function command. All slaves that do not match the 64-bit ROM
sequence will wait for a reset pulse. This command can be used with a single or multiple devices on the
bus.

Skip ROM [CCh]

This command can save time in a single drop bus system by allowing the bus master to access the
memory functions without providing the 64-bit ROM code. If more than one slave is present on the bus
and a Read command is issued following the Skip ROM command, data collision will occur on the bus as
multiple slaves transmit simultaneously (open drain pulldowns will produce a wired AND result).

Search ROM [F0h]

When a system is initially brought up, the bus master might not know the number of devices on the
1-Wire bus or their 64-bit ROM codes. The search ROM command allows the bus master to use a
process of elimination to identify the 64-bit ROM codes of all slave devices on the bus.

Alarm Search [ECh]

The flowchart of this command is identical to the Search ROM command. However, the DS18B20 will
respond to this command only if an alarm condition has been encountered at the last temperature
measurement. An alarm condition is defined as a temperature higher than TH or lower than TL. The
alarm condition remains set as long as the DS18B20 is powered up, or until another temperature
measurement reveals a non-alarming value. For alarming, the trigger values stored in EEPROM are taken
into account. If an alarm condition exists and the TH or TL settings are changed, another temperature
conversion should be done to validate any alarm conditions.

                                                                             11 of 27
                                                                                                                                               DS18B20

Example of a ROM Search

The ROM search process is the repetition of a simple three-step routine: read a bit, read the complement
of the bit, then write the desired value of that bit. The bus master performs this simple, three-step routine
on each bit of the ROM. After one complete pass, the bus master knows the contents of the ROM in one
device. The remaining number of devices and their ROM codes may be identified by additional passes.

The following example of the ROM search process assumes four different devices are connected to the
same 1-Wire bus. The ROM data of the four devices is as shown:

ROM1  00110101...
ROM2  10101010...
ROM3  11110101...
ROM4  00010001...

The search process is as follows:

1. The bus master begins the initialization sequence by issuing a reset pulse. The slave devices respond
    by issuing simultaneous presence pulses.

2. The bus master will then issue the Search ROM command on the 1-Wire bus.

3. The bus master reads a bit from the 1-Wire bus. Each device will respond by placing the value of the
    first bit of their respective ROM data onto the 1-Wire bus. ROM1 and ROM4 will place a 0 onto the
    1-Wire bus, i.e., pull it low. ROM2 and ROM3 will place a 1 onto the 1-Wire bus by allowing the
    line to stay high. The result is the logical AND of all devices on the line, therefore the bus master
    sees a 0. The bus master reads another bit. Since the Search ROM data command is being executed,
    all of the devices on the 1-Wire bus respond to this second read by placing the complement of the first
    bit of their respective ROM data onto the 1-Wire bus. ROM1 and ROM4 will place a 1 onto the
    1-Wire, allowing the line to stay high. ROM2 and ROM3 will place a 0 onto the 1-Wire, thus it will
    be pulled low. The bus master again observes a 0 for the complement of the first ROM data bit. The
    bus master has determined that there are some devices on the 1-Wire bus that have a 0 in the first
    position and others that have a 1.

The data obtained from the two reads of the three-step routine have the following interpretations:

00 There are still devices attached which have conflicting bits in this position.
01 All devices still coupled have a 0-bit in this bit position.
10 All devices still coupled have a 1-bit in this bit position.
11 There are no devices attached to the 1-Wire bus.

4. The bus master writes a 0. This deselects ROM2 and ROM3 for the remainder of this search pass,
    leaving only ROM1 and ROM4 connected to the 1-Wire bus.

5. The bus master performs two more reads and receives a 0-bit followed by a 1-bit. This indicates that
    all devices still coupled to the bus have 0s as their second ROM data bit.

6. The bus master then writes a 0 to keep both ROM1 and ROM4 coupled.

7. The bus master executes two reads and receives two 0-bits. This indicates that both 1-bits and 0-bits
    exist as the 3rd bit of the ROM data of the attached devices.

                                                                             12 of 27
                                                                                                                                               DS18B20

8. The bus master writes a 0-bit. This deselects ROM1, leaving ROM4 as the only device still
    connected.

9. The bus master reads the remainder of the ROM bits for ROM4 and continues to access the part if
    desired. This completes the first pass and uniquely identifies one part on the 1-Wire bus.

10. The bus master starts a new ROM search sequence by repeating steps 1 through 7.

11. The bus master writes a 1-bit. This decouples ROM4, leaving only ROM1 still coupled.

12. The bus master reads the remainder of the ROM bits for ROM1 and communicates to the underlying
    logic if desired. This completes the second ROM search pass, in which another of the ROMs was
    found.

13. The bus master starts a new ROM search by repeating steps 1 through 3.

14. The bus master writes a 1-bit. This deselects ROM1 and ROM4 for the remainder of this search pass,
    leaving only ROM2 and ROM3 coupled to the system.

15. The bus master executes two Read time slots and receives two 0s.

16. The bus master writes a 0-bit. This decouples ROM3 leaving only ROM2.

17. The bus master reads the remainder of the ROM bits for ROM2 and communicates to the underlying
    logic if desired. This completes the third ROM search pass, in which another of the ROMs was
    found.

18. The bus master starts a new ROM search by repeating steps 13 through 15.

19. The bus master writes a 1-bit. This decouples ROM2, leaving only ROM3.

20. The bus master reads the remainder of the ROM bits for ROM3 and communicates to the underlying
    logic if desired. This completes the fourth ROM search pass, in which another of the ROMs was
    found.

NOTE:

The bus master learns the unique ID number (ROM data pattern) of one 1-Wire device on each ROM
Search operation. The time required to derive the part's unique ROM code is:

         960 s + (8 + 3 x 64) 61 s = 13.16 ms

The bus master is therefore capable of identifying 75 different 1-Wire devices per second.

I/O SIGNALING

The DS18B20 requires strict protocols to insure data integrity. The protocol consists of several types of
signaling on one line: reset pulse, presence pulse, write 0, write 1, read 0, and read 1. All of these signals,
with the exception of the presence pulse, are initiated by the bus master.

                                                                             13 of 27
                                                                                                                                               DS18B20

The initialization sequence required to begin any communication with the DS18B20 is shown in
Figure 11. A reset pulse followed by a presence pulse indicates the DS18B20 is ready to send or receive
data given the correct ROM command and memory function command.

The bus master transmits (TX) a reset pulse (a low signal for a minimum of 480 s). The bus master then
releases the line and goes into a receive mode (RX). The 1-Wire bus is pulled to a high state via the 5k
pullup resistor. After detecting the rising edge on the DQ pin, the DS18B20 waits 15-60 s and then
transmits the presence pulse (a low signal for 60-240 s).

MEMORY COMMAND FUNCTIONS

The following command protocols are summarized in Table 4, and by the flowchart of Figure 10.

Write Scratchpad [4Eh]

This command writes to the scratchpad of the DS18B20, starting at the TH register. The next 3 bytes
written will be saved in scratchpad memory at address locations 2 through 4. All 3 bytes must be written
before a reset is issued.

Read Scratchpad [BEh]

This command reads the contents of the scratchpad. Reading will commence at byte 0 and will continue
through the scratchpad until the ninth (byte 8, CRC) byte is read. If not all locations are to be read, the
master may issue a reset to terminate reading at any time.

Copy Scratchpad [48h]

This command copies the scratchpad into the E2 memory of the DS18B20, storing the temperature trigger
bytes in nonvolatile memory. If the bus master issues read time slots following this command, the
DS18B20 will output 0 on the bus as long as it is busy copying the scratchpad to E2; it will return a 1
when the copy process is complete. If parasite-powered, the bus master has to enable a strong pullup for
at least 10 ms immediately after issuing this command. The DS18B20 EEPROM is rated for a minimum
of 50,000 writes and 10 years data retention at T=+55C.

Convert T [44h]

This command begins a temperature conversion. No further data is required. The temperature
conversion will be performed and then the DS18B20 will remain idle. If the bus master issues read time
slots following this command, the DS18B20 will output 0 on the bus as long as it is busy making a
temperature conversion; it will return a 1 when the temperature conversion is complete. If parasite-
powered, the bus master has to enable a strong pullup for a period greater than tconv immediately after
issuing this command.

Recall E2 [B8h]

This command recalls the temperature trigger values and configuration register stored in E2 to the
scratchpad. This recall operation happens automatically upon power-up to the DS18B20 as well, so valid
data is available in the scratchpad as soon as the device has power applied. With every read data time slot
issued after this command has been sent, the device will output its temperature converter busy flag:
0=busy, 1=ready.

Read Power Supply [B4h]

With every read data time slot issued after this command has been sent to the DS18B20, the device will
signal its power mode: 0=parasite power, 1=external power supply provided.

                                                                             14 of 27
                                       DS18B20

MEMORY FUNCTIONS FLOW CHART Figure 10

15 of 27
                                                DS18B20

MEMORY FUNCTIONS FLOW CHART Figure 10 (cont'd)

16 of 27
                                                DS18B20

MEMORY FUNCTIONS FLOW CHART Figure 10 (cont'd)

17 of 27
                                                                                                                                               DS18B20

INITIALIZATION PROCEDURE "RESET AND PRESENCE PULSES" Figure 11

DS18B20 COMMAND SET Table 4

                                                  1-WIRE BUS

                                                  AFTER ISSUING

INSTRUCTION  DESCRIPTION                PROTOCOL  PROTOCOL                   NOTES
                                                                                 1
             TEMPERATURE CONVERSION COMMANDS
                                                                                 3
Convert T    Initiates temperature      44h      
             conversion.                          status>

                             MEMORY COMMANDS

Read Scratchpad Reads bytes from        BEh      

             scratchpad and reads

             CRC byte.

Write Scratchpad Writes bytes into      4Eh      
             scratchpad at addresses 2            at addr. 2 through. 4>

             through 4 (TH and TL

             temperature triggers and

             config).

Copy Scratchpad Copies scratchpad into  48h      

             nonvolatile memory

             (addresses 2 through 4

             only).

Recall E2    Recalls values stored in   B8h      
             nonvolatile memory into              status>

             scratchpad (temperature

             triggers).

Read Power Supply Signals the mode of   B4h      

             DS18B20 power supply

             to the master.

                                        18 of 27
                                                                                                                                               DS18B20

NOTES:

1. Temperature conversion takes up to 750 ms. After receiving the Convert T protocol, if the part does
    not receive power from the VDD pin, the DQ line for the DS18B20 must be held high for at least a
    period greater than tconv to provide power during the conversion process. As such, no other activity
    may take place on the 1-Wire bus for at least this period after a Convert T command has been issued.

2. After receiving the Copy Scratchpad protocol, if the part does not receive power from the VDD pin, the
    DQ line for the DS18B20 must be held high for at least 10 ms to provide power during the copy
    process. As such, no other activity may take place on the 1-Wire bus for at least this period after a
    Copy Scratchpad command has been issued.

3. All 3 bytes must be written before a reset is issued.

READ/WRITE TIME SLOTS

DS18B20 data is read and written through the use of time slots to manipulate bits and a command word to
specify the transaction.

Write Time Slots

A write time slot is initiated when the host pulls the data line from a high logic level to a low logic level.
There are two types of write time slots: Write 1 time slots and Write 0 time slots. All write time slots
must be a minimum of 60 s in duration with a minimum of a 1-s recovery time between individual
write cycles.

The DS18B20 samples the DQ line in a window of 15 s to 60 s after the DQ line falls. If the line is
high, a Write 1 occurs. If the line is low, a Write 0 occurs (see Figure 12).

For the host to generate a Write 1 time slot, the data line must be pulled to a logic low level and then
released, allowing the data line to pull up to a high level within 15 s after the start of the write time slot.

For the host to generate a Write 0 time slot, the data line must be pulled to a logic low level and remain
low for 60 s.

Read Time Slots

The host generates read time slots when data is to be read from the DS18B20. A read time slot is initiated
when the host pulls the data line from a logic high level to logic low level. The data line must remain at a
low logic level for a minimum of 1 s; output data from the DS18B20 is valid for 15 s after the falling
edge of the read time slot. The host therefore must stop driving the DQ pin low in order to read its state
15 s from the start of the read slot (see Figure 12). By the end of the read time slot, the DQ pin will pull
back high via the external pullup resistor. All read time slots must be a minimum of 60 s in duration
with a minimum of a 1-s recovery time between individual read slots.

Figure 12 shows that the sum of TINIT, TRC, and TSAMPLE must be less than 15 s. Figure 14 shows that
system timing margin is maximized by keeping TINIT and TRC as small as possible and by locating the
master sample time towards the end of the 15-s period.

                                                                             19 of 27
                                     DS18B20

READ/WRITE TIMING DIAGRAM Figure 12

20 of 27
                                            DS18B20

DETAILED MASTER READ 1 TIMING Figure 13

RECOMMENDED MASTER READ 1 TIMING Figure 14

21 of 27
                                                                                                                                               DS18B20

Related Application Notes

The following Application Notes can be applied to the DS18B20. These notes can be obtained from the
Dallas Semiconductor "Application Note Book," via our website at http://www.dalsemi.com/.

Application Note 27: "Understanding and Using Cyclic Redundancy Checks with Dallas Semiconductor
Touch Memory Product"

Application Note 55: "Extending the Contact Range of Touch Memories"

Application Note 74: "Reading and Writing Touch Memories via Serial Interfaces"

Application Note 104: "Minimalist Temperature Control Demo"

Application Note 106: "Complex MicroLANs"

Application Note 108: "MicroLAN - In the Long Run"

Sample 1-Wire subroutines that can be used in conjunction with AN74 can be downloaded from the
website or our Anonymous FTP Site.

MEMORY FUNCTION EXAMPLE Table 5

Example: Bus Master initiates temperature conversion, then reads temperature (parasite power assumed).

MASTER MODE  DATA (LSB FIRST)                                       COMMENTS
         TX            Reset               Reset pulse (480-960 s).
         RX                                Presence pulse.
         TX          Presence              Issue "Match ROM" command.
         TX             55h                Issue address for DS18B20.
         TX                                Issue " Convert T" command.
         TX   <64-bit ROM code>            I/O line is held high for at least a period of time greater
                        44h                than tconv by bus master to allow conversion to complete.
         TX                                Reset pulse.
         RX                 Presence pulse.
         TX                                Issue "Match ROM" command.
         TX            Reset               Issue address for DS18B20.
         TX          Presence              Issue "Read Scratchpad" command.
         RX                                Read entire scratchpad plus CRC; the master now
                        55h                recalculates the CRC of the eight data bytes received
         TX   <64-bit ROM code>            from the scratchpad, compares the CRC calculated and
         RX                                the CRC read. If they match, the master continues; if
                       BEh                 not, this read operation is repeated.
                 <9 data bytes>            Reset pulse.
                                           Presence pulse, done.
                       Reset
                     Presence

                                           22 of 27
                                                                                  DS18B20

MEMORY FUNCTION EXAMPLE Table 6

Example: Bus Master writes memory (parasite power and only one DS18B20 assumed).

MASTER MODE  DATA (LSB FIRST)                             COMMENTS
         TX            Reset     Reset pulse.
         RX                      Presence pulse.
         TX          Presence    Skip ROM command.
         TX            CCh       Write Scratchpad command.
         TX            4Eh       Writes three bytes to scratchpad (TH, TL, and config).
         TX                      Reset pulse.
         RX      <3 data bytes>  Presence pulse.
         TX            Reset     Skip ROM command.
         TX                      Read Scratchpad command.
         RX          Presence    Read entire scratchpad plus CRC. The master now
                       CCh       recalculates the CRC of the eight data bytes received
         TX            BEh       from the scratchpad, compares the CRC and the two
         RX                      other bytes read back from the scratchpad. If data match,
         TX      <9 data bytes>  the master continues; if not, repeat the sequence.
         TX                      Reset pulse.
                       Reset     Presence pulse.
         TX          Presence    Skip ROM command.
         RX                      Copy Scratchpad command; after issuing this command,
                       CCh       the master must wait 10 ms for copy operation to
                        48h      complete.
                                 Reset pulse.
                       Reset     Presence pulse, done.
                     Presence

                                 23 of 27
                                                                               DS18B20

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS*                        -0.5V to +6.0V

Voltage on Any Pin Relative to Ground            -55C to +125C
Operating Temperature                            -55C to +125C
Storage Temperature                              See J-STD-020A specification
Soldering Temperature

* This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above
  those indicated in the operation sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute
  maximum rating conditions for extended periods of time may affect reliability.

RECOMMENDED DC OPERATING CONDITIONS

PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITION MIN                         TYP  MAX   UNITS        NOTES
                                                             5.5     V             1
Supply Voltage     VDD    Local Power            3.0        +5.5     V             1
Data Pin
                   DQ                            -0.3       VCC+     V            1,2
                                                             0.3
Logic 1            VIH                           2.2        +0.8     V           1,3,7

Logic 0            VIL                           -0.3

DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (-55C to +125C; VDD=3.0V to 5.5V)

PARAMETER          SYMBOL CONDITION MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES

Thermometer Error  tERR   -10C to +85C                        C

                          -55C to +125C                   2

Input Logic High   VIH    Local Power            2.2        5.5   V            1,2

Input Logic Low           Parasite Power         3.0              V            1,2
Sink Current
Standby Current    VIL                           -0.3       +0.8  V            1,3,7
Active Current
DQ-Input Load      IL     VI/O=0.4V              -4.0             mA           1
Current
                   IDDS                                750 1000 nA             6,8

                   IDD                                 1    1.5   mA           4

                   IDQ                                 5          A           5

AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS: NV MEMORY

                                           (-55C to +125C; VDD=3.0V to 5.5V)

PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITION MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES

NV Write Cycle     twr                                 2    10    ms
Time

EEPROM Writes      NEEWR -55C to +55C 50k                       writes

EEPROM Data        tEEDR  -55C to +55C 10                       years
Retention

                                       24 of 27
                                                                                          DS18B20

AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS: (-55C to +125C; VDD=3.0V to 5.5V)

PARAMETER                    SYMBOL CONDITION MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES

Temperature                  tCONV         9 bit                  93.75 ms
Conversion

Time                                       10 bit                 187.5

                                           11 bit                 375

                                           12 bit                 750

Time Slot                    tSLOT                           60   120                 s
Recovery Time                tREC
                                                             1                        s

Write 0 Low Time             rLOW0                           60   120                 s
Write 1 Low Time             tLOW1
                                                             1    15                  s

Read Data Valid              tRDV                                 15                  s
Reset Time High              tRSTH
                                                             480                      s

Reset Time Low               tRSTL                           480                      s  9

Presence Detect High         tPDHIGH                         15   60                  s
Presence Detect Low          tPDLOW
                                                             60   240                 s

Capacitance                  CIN/OUT                              25                  pF

NOTES:

1. All voltages are referenced to ground.

2. Logic one voltages are specified at a source current of 1 mA.

3. Logic zero voltages are specified at a sink current of 4 mA.

4. Active current refers to either temperature conversion or writing to the E2 memory. Writing to E2
    memory consumes approximately 200 A for up to 10 ms.

5. Input load is to ground.

6. Standby current specified up to 70C. Standby current typically is 3 A at 125C.

7. To always guarantee a presence pulse under low voltage parasite power conditions, VILMAX may have
    to be reduced to as much as 0.5V.

8. To minimize IDDS, DQ should be: GND  DQ  GND +0.3V or VDD 0.3V  DQ  VDD.

9. Under parasite power, the max tRSTL before a power on reset occurs is 960 S.

                                                   25 of 27
                                                                  DS18B20
26 of 27
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVE                                                     DS18B20

                         DS18B20 Typical Error Curve                                70

0.5                                                   +3 Error
0.4
0.3              10  20    30            40           50                  60
0.2      Mean Error
0.1
                                                                -3 Error
   0
      0

-0.1
-0.2
-0.3
-0.4
-0.5

                           Reference Temp (C)

                               27 of 27
This datasheet has been downloaded from:
             www.EEworld.com.cn

                 Free Download
           Daily Updated Database
      100% Free Datasheet Search Site
  100% Free IC Replacement Search Site
     Convenient Electronic Dictionary

               Fast Search System
             www.EEworld.com.cn

                                                 All Datasheets Cannot Be Modified Without Permission
                                                                Copyright Each Manufacturing Company

小广播

DS18B20Z器件购买:

该厂商的其它器件

About Us 关于我们 客户服务 联系方式 器件索引 网站地图 最新更新 手机版

站点相关: 大学堂 TI培训 Datasheet 电子工程

北京市海淀区知春路23号集成电路设计园量子银座1305 电话:(010)82350740 邮编:100191

电子工程世界版权所有 京ICP证060456号 京ICP备10001474号 电信业务审批[2006]字第258号函 京公海网安备110108001534 Copyright © 2005-2017 EEWORLD.com.cn, Inc. All rights reserved