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DS1809-100

器件型号:DS1809-100
厂商名称:DALLAS
厂商官网:http://www.dalsemi.com
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器件描述

Dallastat, 64-position linear taper

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DS1809-100器件文档内容

                                                                                 DS1809

                                                                                 Dallastat

www.dalsemi.com

FEATURES                                                   PIN ASSIGNMENT

64-position linear taper                                  RH 1  8 VCC
Two nonvolatile wiper storage options                     UC 2  7 DC
Operates from +2.7 to +5.5-volt supplies                 STR 3  6 RW
Operating Temperature Range:                              RL 4  5 GND

    - Industrial: -40C to +85C                                  8-Pin DIP
Electronic interface provides either digital or          8-Pin SOIC (150-mil)
                                                           8-Pin SOP (118-mil)
    pushbutton control
Low-cost alternative to mechanical solutions
Standard Resistance Values

    - DS1809-010 10 k

    - DS1809-050 50 k

    - DS1809-100 100 k

PIN DESCIPTION

VCC  - Supply Voltage

RH   - High End of Resistor

RL   - Low End of Resistor

RW   - Wiper Terminal

UC   - Up Control Input

DC   - Down Control Input

STR  - Storage Enable Input

GND  - Ground

DESCRIPTION

The DS1809 Dallastat is a nonvolatile digitally controlled potentiometer that provides 64 uniform wiper
positions over the entire resistor range; including the high-end and low-end terminals of the device. The
DS1809 is a low power, low voltage device capable of operating from power supplies of +2.7V to +5.5V.
The device is ideal for low-power, portable, or battery powered applications.

Wiper position is maintained in the absence of power. This is accomplished via the use of an EEPROM
cell array. The device provides for two storage methods, which include an auto-store capability and a
command-initiated storage function. The EEPROM cell array is specified to accept greater than 50k
writes. Storage of the wiper position is discussed in the Wiper Storage section of this datasheet.

Wiper positioning is controlled via a patented dual pushbutton (or contact closure) interface. For simple
pushbutton-controlled applications or CPU-generated control signals, external debounce circuitry is not
needed. The control interface will support both repetitive pulse inputs and continuous pulse ("push-and-
hold") inputs. Repetitive pulse and continuous pulse control as well as timing diagrams are discussed in
the section entitled "OPERATION."

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The DS1809 is available in standard 10 k , 50 k , and 100 k resistor versions. The DS1809 is
provided as an industrial temperature grade part only. Available packaging for the DS1809 include an 8-
lead (300-mil) DIP an 8-lead (150-mil) SOIC, and an 8-lead (118-mil) SOP.

BLOCK DIAGRAM Figure 1

OPERATION

The DS1809 Dallastat is a digitally controlled, nonvolatile potentiometer. A block diagram of the
DS1809 is shown in Figure 1. The DS1809 is a linear potentiometer providing 64-uniform wiper
positions over the entire resistor range including the end-terminals. All three potentiometer terminals of
the device are accessible. These terminals include RH, RL, and RW. RH and RL are the end-terminals of the
potentiometer. These terminals will have a constant resistance between them as defined by the
potentiometer value chosen: 10 k , 50 k , or the 100 k version. Functionally, RH and RL are
interchangeable. The wiper terminal, RW, is the multiplexed terminal and can be set to one of the 64 total
positions that exist on the resistor ladder including the RH and RL terminals.

Control of the wiper (RW) position setting is accomplished via the two inputs UC and DC. The UC and
DC control inputs, when active, determine the direction on the resistor array that the wiper position will
move. The UC (up control) control input is used to move the wiper position towards the RH terminal. The
DC (down control) control input is used to move wiper position towards the RL terminal.

The control inputs UC and DC are active low inputs which interpret input pulse widths as the means of
controlling wiper movement. Internally, these inputs are pulled up to VCC via a 100 k resistance. A
transition from a high-to-low on these inputs is considered the beginning of pulse input activity.

A single pulse on the UC or DC input is defined as being greater than 1 millisecond but lasting no longer
that second. This type pulse input will cause the wiper position of the Dallastat to move one position.

Multiple pulse inputs (repetitive pulse inputs) can be used to step through each wiper position of the
device. The requirement for a repetitive pulse train on the UC or DC inputs is that pulses must be
separated by a minimum high time of 1 millisecond. If this is not the case the Dallastat will ignore that
pulse input.

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A continuous pulse input ("push and hold") is defined as lasting longer that second. A continuous pulse
input will cause the wiper position to move one position every 100 milliseconds following the initial -
second hold time. The total time to transcend the entire potentiometer given a continuous pulse input is
provided by the equation:

(second) + 62 X 100 ms = 6.7 (seconds)

If the wiper position of the DS1809 is incremented to an end-position, it will stay at that position until the
device receives an opposite direction input pulse command over the UC or DC inputs. For example, if the
wiper position is incremented to the RH terminal using the UC input control, it will stay at that position
until UC is first deactivated, and then the DC input is activated to move the wiper position towards the RL
terminal.

The UC and DC control inputs are designed to support simple pushbutton inputs or CPU generated
inputs. Figure 2 illustrates the requirements for pushbutton generated controls. For manual pushbutton
controls all that is required are the desired pushbuttons to implement contact closure. No external
debounce or timing circuitry is needed to support the pushbutton operation.

Applications using CPU generated controls must power the UC and DC control pins in a high state to
avoid any inadvertent wiper position movement. To help prevent inadvertent wiper position movement
during a power-up, the DS1809 locks out the control port inputs for a minimum time of 10 ms.

WIPER STORAGE

As stated earlier, the DS1809 provides for two methods of nonvolatile wiper storage using internal
EEPROM memory cells. These two methods include an autostore configuration and a command initiated
storage operation, both of which utilize the STR input pin. The EEPROM cell array of the DS1809 is
designed to accept greater than 50k writes.

Autostorage

The autostore configuration is designed to provide wiper position storage as the part powers down;
writing the current wiper position into memory. The configuration for initiating the automatic storage
capability of the DS1809 is shown in Figure 3. As shown in this configuration, two external devices are
required to insure proper wiper storage. This includes a Schottky diode and a 10-uf capacitor. The
automatic store configuration will cause the DS1809 to initiate storage of wiper position when power
(VCC) to the device is removed. The 10-uF capacitor and Schottky diode are used to provide supplemental
power for wiper storage.

Command-Initiated Wiper Storage

The DS1809 will also support a command-initiated wiper storage operation during powered conditions.
For command initiated storage the STR pin should be held in a low state on power-up; otherwise the part
will assume an autostore configuration. As shown in Figure 5, a low-to-high pulse lasting at least 1 s on
the STR input will cause the DS1809 to initiate the storage of the current wiper position into EEPROM
when VCC is present.

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PUSHBUTTON CONFIGURATION Figure 2

It is assumed that the STR input will be controlled by either external logic or CPU driven. No external
capacitors or diodes are needed for the command-initiated storage operation.

The STR input will take precedence over the pushbutton inputs UC and DC.

AUTOSTORE CONFIGURATION Figure 3

PUSHBUTTON TIMING DIAGRAMS Figure 4

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If during any pushbutton activity the STR input is activated, pushbutton operation will be suspended until
the storage of EEPROM has been completed. Once complete, pushbutton inputs, if still active, will
resume from the point of suspension. Command initiated storage operations will require a minimum of 4
ms to complete the storage operation. This 4 ms is measured from the rise of STR input (see Figure 5).

For applications not requiring or using the nonvolatile memory feature of the DS1809, it is recommended
that the STR input be connected to GND.

COMMAND INITIATED WIPER STORAGE - Figure 5

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ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS*              -1.0V to +7.0V
                                       -40C to +85C; industrial
Voltage on Any Pin Relative to Ground  -55C to +125C
Operating Temperature                  260C for 10 seconds
Storage Temperature
Soldering Temperature

* This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above
  those indicated in the operation sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute
  maximum rating conditions for extended periods of time may affect reliability.

RECOMMENDED DC OPERATING CONDITIONS                         (-40C to +85C)

PARAMETER                  SYMBOL MIN TYP           MAX UNITS NOTES

Supply Voltage             VCC         +2.7         5.5            V   1

Resistor Inputs            RL,RH,RW GND-0.5         VCC+0.5        V   2

GND                        GND         GND          GND                1

DC ELECTRICAL CONDITIONS                                          (-40C to +85C)

     PARAMETER             SYMBOL      MIN     TYP MAX UNITS NOTES

Supply Current Active      ICC         +2.0    500  1000           A  5
                                       -0.5
Standby Current            ISTBY        -1          25             A  6

Logic Input High           VIH           4          VCC+0.5        V   6,11

Logic Input Low            VIL                      +0.8           V   6,11

                                                    +0.6

Input Leakage                IIL                    +1             A  3
Wiper resistance           RWIPER
Wiper Current                                       400            O
Storage Pin Current (STR)    IW
Wiper Storage Time           ISP                    1              mA
                            tWST
                                               5    8              A  12,18

                                                                   ms  19

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AC ELECTRICAL CONDITIONS

PARAMETER                   SYMBOL   MIN                            TYP  MAX    UNITS NOTES
                                       1                              5   DC
Single Input Pulse Width    tPW        1                                  DC    ms   4,5,7,9
                                       1                                  DC
Repetitive Pulse High Time  tHPW                                                ms 4,5,7,8,9
                                       1                                   10
Continuous Pulse            tCCP                                                ms 4,5,7,8,9

Storage Control Pulse       tSTR                                                s   10,12

Capacitance                 CIN                                                 pF   10

ANALOG RESISTOR CHARACTERISTICS ELECTRICAL CONDITIONS

PARAMETER                   SYMBOL MIN                              TYP MAX UNITS NOTES

End-to-End Resistor                  -20                                 +20    %    14
Tolerance

Absolute Linearity                   -0.6                                +0.6   LSB  15

Relative Linearity                   -0.25                               +0.25  LSB  16

-3 dB Cutoff Frequency      fCUTOFF                                             MHz  17
Temperature Coefficient
                                                                    750         ppm/C 14

NOTES:

1. All voltages are referenced with respect to ground.

2. Voltages across the potentiometer terminals (RL, RW, RH) cannot exceed VCC or go below ground by
    0.5V.

3. Inputs UC and DC are internally pulled-up with resistance of 100 k .

4. UC and DC inputs are internally pulled-up to VCC via a 100 k resistor.

5. Active current is specified when the inputs UC or DC are active.

6. Standby current is the current consumed when the UC, DC, and STR inputs are inactive.

7. Input pulse width is the minimum time required for an input to cause an increment or decrement.

8. Repetitive pulse inputs on UC or DC will be recognized as long as they are within 500 milliseconds
    of each other. Pulses occurring faster than 1 ms apart may not be recognized as individual and
    separate pulses.

9. Input pulse timing has tolerances to 10%.

10. Capacitance values apply at 25C.

11. For VCC = 5V10%, maximum VIL =+0.8V. For VCC = 3.0V10%, maximum VIL =0.6V. Input logic
    levels are referenced to ground.

12. If not used STR should be connected to ground.                                   101999
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13. The DS1809 is offered in three values: 10k , 50k , and 100k .

14. Valid at 25C only.

15. Absolute linearity is used to compare measured wiper voltage versus expected wiper voltage as
    determined by wiper position. The DS1809 is specified to provide a absolute linearity of 0.60 LSB.

16. Relative linearity is used to determine the change in voltage between successive tap positions. The
    DS1809 is specified to provide a relative linearity specification of 0.25 LSB.

17. -3 dB cutoff frequency characteristics for the DS1809 depend on the potentiometer's total resistance.
    DS1809-010: 1 MHz; DS1809-050: 200 kHz; and the DS1809-100: 100 kHz.

18. Current leakage on the input control storage pin will require a typical 5 A and maximum 8 A to
    implement the auto-storage feature.

19. A minimum time of 4 milliseconds between 2.2 volts and 1.7 volts is required on the input to the STR
    terminal when using the part in the auto-storage configuration. The 2.2-volt to 1.7-volt range is a
    worst case condition for meeting the power-down storage requirements of the part.

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