DM73XX SERIES DIGITAL POWER MANAGER
RoHS compliant for all six substances
Compatible with both lead-free and standard reflow processes
Programs, controls, and manages up to 32 independent dPOL converters
APPLICATIONS via an industry standard I2C interface (both 100kHz and 400kHz)
JTAG IEEE 1149.1 compliant programming interface
Controls and monitors industry standard power supplies and other
o Telecommunications peripheral devices (fans, etc)
o Low voltage, high density systems Programs output voltage, protections, optimal voltage positioning, turn-on
utilizing d-pwerTM Digital and turn-off delays and slew rates, switching frequency, interleave (phase
Intermediate Bus Architectures shift), and feedback loop compensation of the d-pwerTM POL converters
o Broadband, networking, optical, and User friendly GUI interface for programming, monitoring, and performance
wireless communications systems simulation
o Industrial computing, servers, and Four independent OK lines for flexible fault management and fast fault
storage applications propagation
Four interrupt inputs with programmable hot swap support capabilities
Intermediate bus voltage monitoring and protection
BENEFITS AC Fail input
Non-volatile system configuration data memory
Eliminates the need for external 1K Byte of user accessible non-volatile memory
power management components Control of industry standard DC-DC front ends
Communicates with the host system Crowbar output to trigger the optional crowbar protection
via the industry standard I2C Run-time counter
communication bus Small footprint semiconductor industry standard QFN64 package: 9x9mm
Reduces board space, system cost, Wide industrial operating temperature range
complexity, and time to market
Power-One’s point-of-load converters are recommended for use with regulated bus converters in an Intermediate Bus Architecture
(IBA). The DM73XX is a fully programmable digital power manager that utilizes the industry-standard I2C communication bus
interface to control, manage, program and monitor up to 32 dP-series POL converters and 4 independent power devices. The
DM73XX completely eliminates the need for external components for power management and programming and monitoring of the
d-pwerTM POL converters and other industry standard power and peripheral devices. Parameters of the DM73XX are programmable
via the I2C bus and can be changed by a user at any time during product development and deployment.
BCD.00317_AA_October-10-2013 1 www.power-one.com/power
1 SELECTION CHART
NUMBER OF D-PWERTM POLS ACTIVE NUMBER OF NUMBER OF NUMBER OF NUMBER OF
DPM TYPE AND AUXILIARY DEVICES ADDRESSES GROUPS INTERRUPTS PARALLEL AUXILIARY
THAT CAN BE CONTROLLED BUSES DEVICES
DM7304G 4 00…03 2 2 2 4
DM7308G 8 00…07 2 2 4 4
DM7316G 16 00…15 3 3 4 4
DM7332G 32 00…31 4 4 8 4
2 ORDERING INFORMATION
DM 73 xx G – yyyyy – zz
Number of d-pwerTM
Product family: Series: POLs and Auxiliary 5-digit identifier Packaging Option 1):
d-pwer Power Digital devices: RoHS compliance: assigned by
Management Power 04 – 4 devices G - RoHS compliant for Power-One for B1 – 50pcs Tube
Devices Manager 08 – 8 devices all six substances each unique R100 – 100pcs T&R
16 – 16 devices configuration file
32 – 32 devices
1 Packaging option is used only for ordering and not included in the part number printed on the DPM label.
2 The evaluation board is available in only one configuration: DM73XX-KIT-HKS
Example: DM7316G-12345-R100: A 100-piece reel of 16-node DPMs with preloaded configuration file code 12345. Each
DPM is labelled DM7316G-12345. Refer to Figure 1 for label marking information.
Figure 1. Label Drawing
Line 1: Part Number
(7 Char. Alpha Numeric) Line 2: Customer Config. Number,
ZM7316G DM73xxG Customer Config. Rev.
(5 digits Plus Rev Letter)
xxxxx x 12345 A
Line 3: Firmware Rev. xxx
(3 Char. Alpha Numeric) xxxxxxx
A03 Line4: Programming
(Location, Date, Batch Code)
(7 Char. Alpha Numeric)
3 STANDARD 5-DIGIT IDENTIFIERS
DPM TYPE DPM PRELOADED WITH DEFAULT DPM CONFIGURED FOR JTAG PACKAGING
CONFIGURATION FILE PROGRAMMING OPTIONS
DM7304G 65511 65515 B1, R100
DM7308G 65512 65516 B1, R100
DM7316G 65513 65517 B1, R100
DM7332G 65514 65518 B1, R100
DM73XX Series Digital Power Manager 2 www.power-one.com/power
DP7XXX / DP8XXX Point of Load Regulator Data Sheets
DM73XX Digital Power Manager. Programming Manual, Revision A09 or later
Graphical User Interface, Revision 6.3.5 or later
Programming DM73XX DPMs via JTAG Interface. Application Note
ZM00056-KIT USB to I2C Adapter Kit. User Manual
4 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Stresses beyond those listed may cause permanent damage to the DPM. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions
for extended periods may affect device reliability. Functional operation of the DPM at absolute maximum ratings or conditions
beyond those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied.
PARAMETER CONDITIONS/DESCRIPTION MIN MAX UNITS
Ambient Temperature Range -40 85 C
Storage Temperature (Ts) -55 150 C
Junction Temperature (TJ) 125 C
Input Voltage VDD pin -0.3 3.6 VDC
Input Voltage Any pin other than VDD -0.5 VDD+0.5 VDC
Pin Current DC 40 mA
5 MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS
PARAMETER CONDITIONS/DESCRIPTION MIN NOM MAX UNITS
Peak Reflow Temperature 40 sec maximum duration 260 C
Lead Plating 100% matte tin
Moisture Sensitivity Level JEDEC J-STD-020C 3
6 RELIABILITY SPECIFICATIONS
PARAMETER CONDITIONS/DESCRIPTION MIN NOM MAX UNITS
Failure Rate Demonstrated at 55C, 2.26 FIT
60% Confidence Level
Non-Volatile Memory Endurance -40°C to 85°C ambient 10,000 Read-Write
7 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications apply at VDD from 3V to 3.6V, ambient temperature from -40°C to 85°C, and utilizing proper decoupling as
shown in Figure 3 unless otherwise noted.
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7.1 POWER SPECIFICATIONS
PARAMETER CONDITIONS/DESCRIPTION MIN NOM MAX UNITS
Input Supply Voltage VDD pin 3.0 3.6 VDC
Undervoltage Lockout Hardware reset is triggered below this threshold 2.3 2.5 2.7 VDC
Input Supply Current VDD pin=3.3V 12 20 mA
VREF voltage AREF pin 2.3 2.56 2.7 VDC
IBVS input voltage range GND VREF VDC
IBVS input resistance 100 MΩ
7.2 FEATURE SPECIFICATIONS
PARAMETER CONDITIONS/DESCRIPTION MIN NOM MAX UNITS
Intermediate Voltage Bus Protections
Overvoltage Protection Threshold With external 5.7:1 ratio divider IBV 14.6 V
Undervoltage Protection Threshold With external 5.7:1 ratio divider 0 IBV V
Threshold Hysteresis With external 5.7; 1ratio divider. Symmetrical ±114 mV
relative to average threshold value
Accuracy of Protection Thresholds Internal voltage reference, 1% resistive divider -10 10 %VTH
Internal ADC Conversion Error With external 5.7:1 ratio divider -43 43 mV
Front End Enable (FE_EN)
VFE_EN Front End logic level enabled High
VFE_EN Front End logic level disabled Low
Isrc Source Current, VFE_EN=VDD-0.5V 5 mA
Isink Sink Current, VFE_EN=0.5V 5 mA
VCB Crowbar Enable High
VCB Crowbar Disable Low
Isrc Source Current, VCB=VDD-0.5V 5 mA
Isink Sink Current, VCB=0.5V 5 mA
TCB Duration of Enabling Pulse 1 ms
7.3 SIGNAL SPECIFICATIONS
PARAMETER CONDITIONS/DESCRIPTION MIN NOM MAX UNITS
SDpu SD pull up resistor 5 kΩ
SDthrL SD input low voltage threshold 0.31·VDD 0.52·VDD V
SDthrH SD input high voltage threshold 0.45·VDD 0.81·VDD V
SDhys SD input hysteresis 0.37 1.1 V
SDsink SD sink capability (VSD=0.5V) 30 mA
Freq_sd Clock frequency 450 550 kHz
Tsynq Sync pulse duration 22 28 % of clock cycle
T0 Data=0 pulse duration 72 78 % of clock cycle
Interrupt Inputs (INT_N[3:0])
DM73XX Series Digital Power Manager 4 www.power-one.com/power
Rpu3 Pull up resistor 30 kΩ
VthrL3 Input low voltage threshold 0.31·VDD 0.52·VDD V
VthrH3 Input high voltage threshold 0.45·VDD 0.81·VDD V
Vhys3 Input hysteresis 0.37 1.1 V
ADDR[3:0], ACFAIL_N, RES_N, LCK_N, PG[3:0] Inputs
Rpu1 Pull up resistor 20 50 kΩ
VthrL1 Input low voltage -0.5 0.2·VDD V
VthrH1 Input high voltage 0.7·VDD VDD+0.5 V
Rpu2 HRES_N pull up resistor (with series diode, 30 60 kΩ
VthrL2 HRES_N input low voltage -0.5 0.2·VDD V
VthrH2 HRES_N input high voltage 0.9·VDD VDD+0.5 V
Inputs/Outputs (OK_A, OK_B, OK_C, OK_D)
OKpu OK pull up resistor 5 kΩ
OKthrL OK input low voltage threshold 0.31·VDD 0.52·VDD V
OKthrH OK input high voltage threshold 0.45·VDD 0.81·VDD V
OKhys OK input hysteresis 0.37 1.1 V
OKsink OK sink capability (VOK=0.5V) 30 mA
Enable Outputs (EN[3:0])
VEN EN logic level enabled High
VEN EN logic level disabled Low
VENH EN output high voltage VDD-0.6 V
IOH = -10 mA
VENL EN output low voltage 0.5 V
IOL = 5 mA
7.4 I2C INTERFACE
PARAMETER CONDITIONS/DESCRIPTION MIN NOM MAX UNITS
ViL Input low voltage -0.5 0.3·VDD V
ViH Input high voltage 0.7·VDD VDD+0.5 V
Vhys Input hysteresis 0.05·VDD V
VoL Output low voltage, ISINK=3mA 0 0.4 V
tr Rise time for SDA and SCL 20+0.1Cb2 300 ns
tof Output fall time from ViHmin to ViLmax 20+0.1Cb2 250 ns
Ii Input current each I/O pin, 0.1VDD
Ci Capacitance for each I/O pin 10 pF
fSCL SCL clock frequency 0 400 kHz
Standard-Mode I2C (fSCL ≤ 100kHz)
RPU External pull-up resistor 1 1000/Cb2 kΩ
tHDSTA Hold time (repeated) START condition 4.0 μs
tLOW Low period of the SCL clock 4.7 μs
tHIGH High period of the SCL clock 4.0 μs
tSUSTA Setup time for a repeated START condition 4.7 μs
tHDDAT Data hold time 0 3.45 μs
tSUDAT Data setup time 250 ns
tSUSTD Setup time for STOP condition 4.0 μs
tSUF Bus free time between a STOP and START condition 4.7 μs
1 HRES_N Input - Because the input does not have an internal ESD protection diode connected to VDD, the user needs to add an external diode between
the HRES_N and VDD pins as shown in Figure 3.
2 Cb – bus capacitance in pF, typically from 10pF to 400pF
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Fast-Mode I2C (100kHz < fSCL≤ 400kHz)
RPU External pull-up resistor 1 300/Cb2 kΩ
tHDSTA Hold time (repeated) START condition 0.6 μs
tLOW Low period of the SCL clock 1.3 μs
tHIGH High period of the SCL clock 0.6 μs
tSUSTA Setup time for a repeated START condition 0.6 μs
tHDDAT Data hold time 0 0.9 μs
tSUDAT Data setup time 100 ns
tSUSTD Setup time for STOP condition 0.6 μs
tSUF Bus free time between a STOP and START condition 1.3 μs
Figure 2. I2C Timing Parameters
t of t HIGH t LOW tr
t SUSTA t HDSTA t HDDAT t SUDAT t SUSTO
SDA t BUF
8 TYPICAL APPLICATION
Figure 3. Typical Application Schematic of Multiple Output System with Digital Power Manager and I2C Interface
IBV Intermediate Voltage Bus
Linear Linear Jumper (Optional)
Regulator For IBV=3.3V R5
+3.3V C3 C4 C5 C6 R6
6 25 42 57 60
VDD VDD VDD VDD VDD
48 IBVS CB 23
44 AREF FE_EN 17
R4 R3 C1 R2 C2 56
SDA 30 SDA SD VIN SD VIN SD VIN SD VIN
SCL 27 SCL OKD 53 OK OK OK OK
45 ADDR2 OKB 13 dPWER dPWER dPWER dPWER
46 ADDR1 OKA 11
47 ADDR0 POL(s) POL(s) POL(s) POL(s)
Group D Group C Group B Group A
36 INT3_N TDI 34
37 INT2_N DM7332 TDO 33
40 INT1_N TCK 31 JTAG
41 INT0_N TMS 32
EN2 55 VIN VIN
18 RES_N EN1 7 ENABLE ENABLE
16 ACFAIL_N EN0 5
PG3 49 VRM LDO
PG1 52 POWER ERROR
4 HRES_N PG0 54 GOOD FLAG
VSS VSS VSS VSS VSS VSS
8 9 26 38 43 58
The schematic of a typical application of a DM73XX digital power manager (DPM) is shown in Figure 3. The system includes
four groups of d-pwer Point Of Load converters (POLs). A group is defined as one or more POL converters interconnected
via OK pins. Grouping of the POLs enables users to program advanced fault management schemes and define margining
functions, monitoring, start-up behavior, and reporting conventions.
DM73XX Series Digital Power Manager 6 www.power-one.com/power
All d-pwer POL converters are connected to the DPM and to each other via a single-wire synchronization/data (SD) line. The
line provides synchronization of all POL converters to the master clock generated by the DPM and simultaneously carries
bidirectional data transfer between POL converters and the DPM. The DPM communicates via the I2C bus with the host
system and/or the Graphical User Interface.
In this application, besides POL converters, the DPM also controls and monitors two auxiliary devices – a Voltage Regulation
Module (VRM) and a Low Dropout Regulator (LDO). While these devices are not d-pwer compliant and may not even be
manufactured by Power-One, they are integrated into the system by communicating with the DPM via their Enable pins
connected to ENX outputs of the DPM. In addition, the DPM monitors status of the auxiliary devices via its PGX inputs
connected to Power Good and Error Flag outputs of the auxiliary devices. The DPM can control and monitor four or more
independent auxiliary devices.
The DPM can also trigger an optional crowbar circuit and provide undervoltage and overvoltage protections of the
intermediate bus voltage. In addition, the DPM can be controlled by a host system via the interrupt inputs, RES_N and the
The DM73XX series DPMs perform translation between the I2C interface connected to a host system or the Graphical User
Interface and the SD communication bus connected to dPOL converters. In addition, DPMs carry out programming,
monitoring, data storage, POL group management, hot-swap control, protection, and control and monitoring of auxiliary
The DPMs can be controlled via the GUI or directly via the I2C bus by using specific commands described in the “DPM
9.1 DPM MEMORY
The DPM memory consists of RAM and non-volatile memory (Flash). The RAM is used for programming operations and
manipulation of the various blocks of configuration, setup, status, and monitoring registers. Non-volatile memory is used to
store programming and configuration data. Flash memory holds DPM set-up registers, POL set-up registers, monitoring data,
and user memory data. Setup registers for the DPM and the POL converters are protected by CRCs that are checked during
programming of POL converters and at the power-up of the DPM.
The LCK_N pin and the write protection register WP limit the write access to the memory blocks in the DPM and POL
converters. The WP register content is defaulted to write protect upon powering up the DPM.
9.1.1 Write Protection
There are hardware-based and software-based memory write protections. The hardware protection takes precedence over
the software protection.
18.104.22.168 Hardware Protection
The LCK_N pin enables the hardware memory write protection. If the pin is pulled low, the hardware lock is active and the
memory blocks are then read-only. I2C write commands to the DPM return an error code (0x00). The write commands to the
POL converters bypassing the DPM are also disabled. If the pin is left floating, the hardware lock is disabled and the
software write protection is active.
22.214.171.124 Software Protection
Software write protection allows users to protect the various memory blocks from being overwritten through the I2C bus. At
the power-up the WP register is defaulted to write protect.
Software write protection can be disabled by checking appropriate boxes in the Write Protection subsection of the
DPM/Program/Advanced dialog shown in Figure 4 or via the I2C bus by writing directly into the register. Write protections are
automatically restored when the DPM’s input power is recycled.
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Figure 4. GUI DPM Advanced Programming Dialog
9.1.2 DPM Registers
The DPM setup registers occupy 70 bytes and contain all necessary information to set up the DPM functionality, define POL
converters and Auxiliary Devices, group membership and behavior, margining, interrupt configurations, etc. they DPM
registers are listed in. The table relates to the DPM model number DM7332 capable of supporting up to 32 POL converters.
For other DPM models some of the registers and/or bits in the registers are not activated depending on the number of
supported POLs/Groups/Interrupts/Parallel Buses for the specific DPM. Writing into an unsupported register or bit will have
no effect, reading from an unsupported register or bit will return an error code (0x00).
Table 1. DPM Setup Registers
ADDRESS REGISTER CONTENT REGISTER USER WRITE INITIAL VALUE
OFFSET3 NAME TYPE ACCESS PROTECT
0x00 GD1[3:0] Group Definition Register 1 Static R/W yes 0x00000000
0x04 GD2[3:0] Group Definition Register 2 Static R/W yes 0x00000000
0x08 GAC Group A Configuration Static R/W yes 0x00
0x09 GBC Group B Configuration Static R/W yes 0x00
0x0A GCC Group C Configuration Static R/W yes 0x00
0x0B GDC Group D Configuration Static R/W yes 0x00
0x0C FPC1 Fault Propagation Configuration 1 Static R/W yes 0x00
0x0D FPC2 Fault Propagation Configuration 2 Static R/W yes 0x00
0x0E EPC Error Propagation Configuration Static R/W yes 0x00
3 Writing into memory locations beyond address offset 0x96 must be avoided
DM73XX Series Digital Power Manager 8 www.power-one.com/power
0x0F IC1 Interrupt Configuration 1 Static R/W yes 0x00
0x10 IC2 Interrupt Configuration 2 Static R/W yes 0x00
0x11 IBL[1:0] IBV Low threshold Static R/W yes 0x00
0x13 IBH[1:0] IBV high threshold Static R/W yes 0xFF
0x15 ID[1:0] DPM Customer Identification Static OTP N/A 0xFFFF
0x17 PB1[3:0] Parallel Bus Register 1 Static R/W yes 0x00000000
0x1B PB2[3:0] Parallel Bus Register 2 Static R/W yes 0x00000000
0x1F PB3[3:0] Parallel Bus Register 3 Static R/W yes 0x00000000
0x23 PB4[3:0] Parallel Bus Register 4 Static R/W yes 0x00000000
0x27 PMC Power Manager Configuration Static R/W yes 0x00
0x28 PID[31:0] POL Identification Register Static R/W yes 0x00
0x80 RTC[3:0] Run Time Counter Run time R Read only value at last shut-down
0x84 PPS[3:0] POL Programming Status Run time R (4x) 0x00
0x88 EST Event Status Run time R 0x00
0x89 IBV[1:0] IB Voltage Run time R 0x00
0x8B STA Status of Group A Run time R 0x00
0x8C STB Status of Group B Run time R 0x00
0x8D STC Status of Group C Run time R 0x00
0x8E STD Status of Group D Run time R 0x00
0x8F REL[1:0] DPM Software Release Static R According to DPM type
0x91 PSS[3:0] POL Status Summary Run time R 0x00
0x95 DPMS DPM Status Run time R 0x01
0x96 WP Write Protection Volatile R/W 0x00
The static registers are saved in the non-volatile memory and used to store the system configuration data. The run-time
registers contain status information and are evaluated during run-time. The Write Protection register WP is a volatile register
that defaults to write protect at power-up.
9.1.3 POL Setup Registers
Since the POL converters contain only RAM, the data defining performance parameters for each POL and Auxiliary Device,
such as the output voltage, protection thresholds, feedback loop compensation, turn-on and turn-off delays, fault
management settings, etc., is stored in the POL setup registers in the DPM. The POL setup registers consist of 23 data bytes
and 2 CRC bytes. The Auxiliary Device setup registers occupy the same amount of bytes as a POL converter, but only 3
registers have meaningful data. The other registers should be filled with 0x00. The POL setup registers are listed in Table 2.
Register significance is different in some cases between the new DP and older ZY series POLs which are still supported.
Differences are in bold for the DP series devices.
Table 2. POL Setup Registers
ADDRESS REGISTER+) ADDRESS REGISTER
OFFSET DP7000/ CONTENT OFFSET Z7000/ AUX CONTENT
DP8000 POL Z8000 POL DEVICE
00h PC1_x Protection Configuration 1 00h PC1_x EC_x Protection Configuration 1
01h PC2_x Protection Configuration 2 01h PC2_x reserved Protection Configuration 2
02h PC3_x Protection Configuration 3 02h PC3_x reserved Protection Configuration 3
03h TC_x Tracking Configuration 03h TC_x reserved Tracking Configuration
04h INT_x Interleave Configuration and 04h INT_x reserved Interleave Configuration and
Frequency Selection Frequency Selection
05h DON_x Turn-On Delay 05h DON_x EON_x Turn-On Delay
06h DOF_x Turn-Off Delay 06h DOF_x EOF_x Turn-Off Delay
07h VLC Voltage Loop Configuration 07h VOS_x reserved Output Voltage Set-point
08h CLS_x Current Limit Set-point 08h CLS_x reserved Current Limit Set-point
09h DCL_x Duty Cycle Limit 09h DCL_x reserved Duty Cycle Limit
0Ah PC4 Protection Configuration 0Ah B1_x reserved Dig Controller Denominator z-1
Register 4 Coefficient
0Bh V1H Output Voltage Setpoint 1 0Bh B2_x reserved Dig Controller Denominator z-2
0Ch V1L Output Voltage Setpoint 1 0Ch B3_x reserved Dig Controller Denominator z-3
0Dh V2H Output Voltage Setpoint 2 0Dh C0L_x reserved Dig Controller Numerator z0 Coefficient
High Low Byte
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0Eh V2L Output Voltage Setpoint 2 0Eh C0H_x reserved Dig Controller Numerator z0 Coefficient
Low High Byte
0Fh V3H Output Voltage Setpoint 3 0Fh C1L_x reserved Dig Controller Numerator z-1
High Coefficient Low Byte
10h V3L Output Voltage Setpoint 3 10h C1H_x reserved Dig Controller Numerator z-1
Low Coefficient High Byte
11h CP Controller Proportional 11h C2L_x reserved Dig Controller Numerator z-2
Coefficient Coefficient Low Byte
12h CI Controller Integral 12h C2H_x reserved Dig Controller Numerator z-2
Coefficient Coefficient High Byte
13h CD Controller Derivative 13h C3L_x reserved Dig Controller Numerator z-3
Coefficient Coefficient Low Byte
14h CV Controller Derivative Roll-Off 14h C3H_x reserved Dig Controller Numerator z-3
Coefficient Coefficient High Byte
15h reserved 15h reserved reserved
16h reserved 16h reserved reserved
17h reserved 17h reserved reserved
18h reserved 18h reserved reserved
19h reserved 19h reserved reserved
1Ah reserved 1Ah reserved reserved
1Bh reserved 1Bh reserved reserved
1Ch MRH Margining High Selection 1Ch VOML_x #) reserved Output Voltage Margining Low Value
1Dh MRL Margining Low Selection 1Dh VOMH_x #) reserved Output Voltage Margining High Value
1Eh CRC0_x #) Cyclic Redundancy Check 1Eh CRC0_x #) CRC0_x #) Cyclic Redundancy Check Register 0
1Fh CRC1_x #) Cyclic Redundancy Check 1Fh CRC1_x #) CRC1_x #) Cyclic Redundancy Check Register 1
+) x denotes the POL address [0..31]
#) not downloaded to the POL during programming
9.1.4 Monitoring Data
The DPMs can retrieve current, temperature, output voltage, and status information from each of the POL converters and
status information only from Auxiliary Devices. Monitoring data is stored in RAM and can be accessed via the I2C bus.
Monitoring registers are read only.
The monitoring data consists of 5 Bytes for each POL converter and Auxiliary Device as shown in Table 3. When the status
monitoring is enabled, the ST registers get continuously updated. When the parametric monitoring is enabled, the VOH,
VOL, IO, and TMP registers get continuously updated. Scaling data from the registers is specific to each DP and ZY series
POL. Refer to the DM73XX Programming manual for calculation information.
Table 3: Monitoring Data Registers
POL CONVERTER AUXILIARY DEVICE
REGISTER CONTENT REGISTER CONTENT
ST Status Register ST Status Register
VOH Output Voltage High Byte reserved
VOL Output Voltage Low Byte reserved
IO Output Current reserved
TMP Temperature reserved
9.1.5 User Memory
This non-volatile memory block is reserved for users’ notes and not related to other functions in the DPM. It can be used to
save user-specific information such as manufacturing data and location, serial number, application code, configuration file
version, warranty or repair information, etc. A total of 1024 Bytes organized in 4 pages is provided. The user memory can be
accessed via the GUI System Configuration window shown in Figure 8 or directly via the I2C bus using specific commands.
Content of the user memory is saved into the configuration file when the file is saved. Note that this does not change the
current DPM contents until the DPM is programmed with the file currently in memory.
DM73XX Series Digital Power Manager 10 www.power-one.com/power
Figure 5. User Memory Window
9.2 AUXILIARY DEVICES
The DM73XX DPM includes all necessary circuitry to control and monitor four Auxiliary Devices. Virtually any device which
has an on/off input and a monitoring output can be an Auxiliary Device. Typical examples of Auxiliary Devices include analog
POL converters, linear regulators, and fans. Auxiliary Devices are controlled and monitored via the Graphical User Interface.
The DPM treats Auxiliary Devices as d-pwer™ POL converters: each Auxiliary Device has an address and is assigned to one
of the groups as shown in Figure 8 (device at addresses 03). Turn-on and off delays can be programmed, and faults can be
propagated from POL converters to the devices. Auxiliary Devices are controlled through standard group turn-on and off
commands and are fully synchronized with turn-on/off timing of POL converters.
Four enable outputs EN0…EN3 control the Auxiliary Devices. Four monitoring inputs PG0…PG3 read status of the Auxiliary
Devices. The enable outputs and monitoring inputs are paired together and permanently assigned to specific pins of the
DPM as shown in Figure 6. Adding an AUX device is done the same way as adding a POL, select an uncommitted address
and then the AUX device desired. In this example two AUX devices are already present.
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Figure 6. Auxiliary Device Type Window
Turn-on and turn-off delays can be programmed for each Auxiliary Device as shown in Figure 7. Timing of turn-on and turn-
off events can be synchronized between Auxiliary Devices and POL converters by programming appropriate delays for
specific types of devices.
Figure 7. Sequencing Tracking Window
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9.3 DPM FUNCTIONS
9.3.1 POL Programming
POL programming is the process of downloading the content of POL setup registers stored in DPM’s non-volatile memory via
the SD bus to the POL converters.
Programming of POL converters is performed upon power-up, or when the Program button is pressed in the GUI System
Configuration window shown in Figure 8, or when the specific command is sent directly via the I2C bus.
Figure 8. System Configuration Window
The programming is performed in several steps. Once the supply voltage on the VDD pins of the DPM exceeds the UVLO
protection threshold, the DPM will start copying setup registers from its non-volatile memory into RAM and execute the cyclic
redundancy check (CRC) to ensure integrity of the programming data. When the voltage on the IBVS pin exceeds the IBV
undervoltage protection threshold, the DPM will download POL setup registers to the respective POL converter via the SD
line. Every data transfer is protected by parity check and followed by the POL acknowledgement and read data back
procedure. If both acknowledgement and readback operations are successful, the POL-specific bit in the POL Programming
Status registers will be set. The DPM considers the POL converter to be programmed, and continues programming the next
Upon completion of the programming, the DPM will turn-on the POL converters, if the Auto Turn-On is enabled in the POL
Group configuration window shown in Figure 9 (topmost group of square buttons just below "Bus Voltages" tab. Otherwise,
the user will need to send the turn-on command via the I2C bus.
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Figure 9. POL Configuration Window
9.3.2 Programming Time
Total system programming time can be determined from the following equation:
TPROGR TINIT nPOL TPOL nAD TAD
TPROGR - time interval from the instant when the DPM supply voltage exceeds DPM’s UVLO threshold until the DPM
issues the turn-on command. If the Auto Power-Up is enabled, and the turn-on delay is set to zero, the output
voltages start ramping up at the end of TPROGR interval
TINIT - DPM initialization interval after the DPM supply voltage exceeds the UVLO threshold. TINIT=11.5ms.
TPOL - Time required for programming and verifying of one POL converter. TPOL=26.5ms.
TAD - Time required for programming and verifying of one Auxiliary Device. TAD=7.5ms.
nPOL - Number of POL converters in the system.
nAD - Number of Auxiliary Devices in the system.
The programming data (DPM and POL setup registers and the user memory) can be preloaded into DPMs by Power-One or
the DPMs can be programmed by the user via the GUI, I2C bus, or JTAG programming interface. The DPMs can be
programmed either before or after installation on a host board.
To modify POL converter settings, the user can directly access the registers of a POL converter via the I2C bus, bypassing
DPM’s POL setup registers. The I2C commands are translated by the DPM and converted into appropriate SD commands to
read / write from / into the registers of a POL converter. Writing into these registers is limited by the hardware (LCK_N)
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and/or software write protections. Since POL converters do not have non-volatile memory, data written directly into POL
converter registers will be lost when the input voltage is removed.
9.4.1 POL Monitoring
d-pwerTM and Z-one™ POL converters continuously monitor their own performance parameters such as output voltage,
output current, and temperature. The monitored parameters are stored locally in the POL converters and updated every 1ms.
If monitoring feature is enabled, the DPM will be continuously copying status and parametric data from POL converters into
DPM’s monitoring data registers.
The monitoring is enabled by checking the appropriate Retrieve Monitoring bits in the GUI Group Configuration window
shown in Figure 9 or directly via the I2C bus by specific commands.
If the status monitoring is enabled, the status of each protection (overcurrent, overvoltage, etc.) is being reported. If the
parametric monitoring is enabled, then real-time values of voltage, current, and temperature are being reported.
Status and parametric monitoring data of a single POL converter and groups of POL converters can be examined in the GUI
IBS Monitoring Window shown in Figure 10 or directly via the I2C bus using specific commands. Status data for each group
of POL converters is presented in the Group Status block in the left top corner of the window. Parametric data for individual
POL converters is shown in Voltage [V], Current [A], and Temp [T] screens.
DPMs also monitor and report programming status of each POL converter and results of CRC operations.
9.4.2 Monitoring of Auxiliary Devices
The DPM can read status information of the Auxiliary Devices via the PG0…PG3 inputs. The PG0…PG3 are digital 3.3V
compliant inputs with internal pull-up resistors. Logic high input on a PGX pin should correspond to normal operation of an
Status monitoring data of Auxiliary Devices is stored in the DPM and displayed in the IBS Monitoring Window shown in
Figure 10. IBS Monitoring Window
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9.4.3 Run Time Counter
The DPM also monitors the duration of time that it has been in operation. The 4 bytes Run Time Counter is active whenever
the DPM is powered up. The count rate is 1 second. The counter is loaded into RAM upon power-up and the new count
state is periodically saved to the non-volatile memory. Contents of the counter can be examined in the GUI IBS Monitoring
Window shown in Figure 10 or directly via the I2C bus using specific commands.
9.4.4 IBV Monitoring
The DPM continuously monitors the intermediate bus voltage via the IBVS input and the built-in 10-bit ADC. The digital
representation of the bus voltage is stored in RAM and reported in the IBS Monitoring window shown in Figure 10.
In addition, the DPM continuously compares the value of IBV to the Undervoltage and Overvoltage thresholds programmed
in the GUI Intermediate Bus Configuration Window shown in Figure 11.
Figure 11. Intermediate Bus Configuration Window
The thresholds have a symmetric, fixed size hysteresis as shown in Figure 12.
Figure 12: Undervoltage (IBL) and Overvoltage (IBH) Protections Hysteresis
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When the IBV decreases below the IBL threshold minus the hysteresis, the DPM will pull OK lines low turning off all POL
converters. The POL converters will execute regular turn-off ramping their output voltages down according to the turn-off
delay and falling slew rate settings. In addition, the DPM will clear all bits in the POL Programming Status registers and save
the content of the Run Time Counter into the non-volatile memory. The IBV Low bit in the IBS Monitoring Window will change
to red. When the IBV recovers above the IBL threshold plus the hysteresis, the DPM will first program all POL converters and
then turn them on, if the Auto Turn-On is enabled in the POL Group configuration window shown in Figure 9. Otherwise, the
user will need to send the turn-on command via the I2C bus.
When the IBV exceeds the IBH threshold plus the hysteresis, the DPM will pull OK lines low turning off all POL converters.
The POL converters will execute regular turn-off ramping their output voltages down according to the turn-off delay and
falling slew rate settings. In addition, the DPM will save the contents of the Run Time Counter into the non-volatile memory. If
the IBV does not decrease below the IBH threshold minus the hysteresis within the next 50ms, the DPM will pull low the
FE_EN output and clear all bits in the POL Programming Status registers. The IBV High bit in the IBS Monitoring Window will
change to red. If the IBV still does not change, in 50ms the DPM will pull the CB pin high for 1ms to trigger an optional
One second after the IBV decreases below the IBH threshold minus the hysteresis, the DPM will pull the FE_EN high and
program all POL converters. Upon completion of the programming process, the DPM will turn on the POL converters, if the
Auto Turn-On is enabled in the POL Group configuration window shown in Figure 9.
The propagation delay between the IBV increasing/decreasing above/below corresponding thresholds and the DPM pulling
down OK lines and triggering the turn-off process is approximately 1ms.
126.96.36.199 Voltage Reference
For the purposes of IBV monitoring the user can select either the DPM’s internal voltage reference or an external 2.5V
voltage reference. The selection is made by clicking an appropriate radio button in the DPM Configuration/Bus Voltages
dialog as shown previously in Figure 11.
The DPM’s internal 2.56V voltage reference is effective accuracy of the IBV protection thresholds to 15%. If the accuracy is
sufficient, the user does not need to make any changes to the schematic shown in Figure 3. If higher accuracy of the IBV
monitoring is desired, then a 2.5V external reference can be added as shown in Figure 13. The GUI automatically changes
values of the IBL and IBH thresholds when the reference selection is changed.
Note: If the Reference Voltage setting is changed during operation of the DPM, then the power to the DPM needs to be
cycled or the HRES_N pin needs to be pulled low and released.
Figure 13. External Voltage Reference Connections
47k R1 VDD VDD
10n 10k AREF
U1 and R1 are additional components. U1 is an industry standard 2.5V voltage reference such as TL431 or similar. C1 is an
existing component but its value changes depending on the type of voltage reference. Common voltage reference part
numbers and values of associated components are shown in Table 4.
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Table 4. Component Values For External Reference
U1 Part Number TL431 ZR431
Manufacturer TI Zetex
Accuracy, % 0.5, 1, 2 0.5, 1, 2
R1, Ohms 100-620 510-2000
C1, μF ≥ 10 ≥ 0.01
Accuracy of the protection thresholds in the case of external reference is determined by the sum of accuracy of the voltage
reference, accuracy of the 10k/47k resistive divider shown in Figure 13, and conversion error of the internal ADC specified in
9.5 POL GROUP MANAGEMENT
POL converters and Auxiliary Devices can be arranged in up to four groups. A group of POL converters is defined as a
number of POL converters with interconnected OK pins. Auxiliary Devices are added to a group in the GUI, without any
external connections. A group can include from 1 to 32 POL converters, but a POL converter can be a member of only one
group. In addition, the OK lines can be connected to the DPM to facilitate propagation of faults and errors between groups.
One DPM can manage up to four independent groups: A, B, C, and D, depending on model of the DPM.
Group management includes fault and error propagation, margining, turn-on and turn-off, monitoring setup, and interrupt
9.5.1 Fault and Error Propagation
dP-series POL converters protect outputs by triggering either a fault or an error depending on the severity of the problem
(see POL converter datasheets). Fault propagation between POL converters belonging to the same group is a programmable
function of POL converters. The DPM allows propagating faults and errors between groups of POL converters and, in case of
an error, to a DC/DC front-end and an optional crowbar. The propagation delay for fault/error propagations is less than 10μs.
To enable fault and error propagation, the respective bits needs to be checked in the GUI Fault and Error Propagation
window shown in Figure 14. Note that cross propagation of faults/errors (means fault in Group X propagates to Y and vice
versa) should be avoided.
Figure 14. Fault and Error Propagation Window.
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The fault propagation from POL converters to the auxiliary devices can be disabled by checking the bit in the Auxiliary Device
Fault Management window as shown in Figure 15. It is not possible to propagate a fault from an Auxiliary Device to POL
Figure 15. Auxiliary Device Fault Management Window
Table 5. Fault and Error Propagation Scenarios
Propagation Propagation POLs in Auxiliary
Propagation To Auxiliary To Auxiliary Propagation the Same Devices in POLs in Auxiliary
Protection Between Devices in Devices in Between Faulty POL Group as the Same Other Devices in
Triggered POLs the Same Other Groups of the Faulty Group as the Groups Other
Group as the Groups POLs POL Faulty POL Groups
UVP or OTP Enabled Disabled Any Disabled Regular Regular Continue Continue Continue
turn-off turn-off operating operating operating
UVP or OTP Enabled Enabled Any Disabled Regular Regular Turn-off with Continue Continue
turn-off turn-off turn-off delay operating operating
UVP or OTP Enabled Enabled Disabled Enabled Regular Regular Turn-off with Regular Continue
turn-off turn-off turn-off delay turn-off operating
UVP or OTP Enabled Enabled Enabled Enabled Regular Regular Turn-off with Regular Turn-off with
turn-off turn-off turn-off delay turn-off turn-off delay
Tracking or Enabled Disabled Any Disabled Fast turn-off Regular Continue Continue Continue
OCP turn-off operating operating operating
Tracking or Enabled Enabled Any Disabled Fast turn-off Regular Turn-off with Continue Continue
OCP turn-off turn-off delay operating operating
Tracking or Enabled Enabled Disabled Enabled Fast turn-off Regular Turn-off with Regular Continue
OCP turn-off turn-off delay turn-off operating
Tracking or Enabled Enabled Enabled Enabled Fast turn-off Regular Turn-off with Regular Turn-off with
OCP turn-off turn-off delay turn-off turn-off delay
OVP or Phase Fast turn-off, Fast turn- Continue Continue Continue
Voltage Enabled Disabled Any Disabled low side FET off operating operating operating
OVP or Phase Fast turn-off, Fast turn- Turn-off Continue Continue
Voltage Enabled Enabled Any Disabled low side FET off without turn- operating operating
is ON off delay
OVP or Phase Fast turn-off, Fast turn- Turn-off Regular Continue
Voltage Enabled Enabled Disabled Enabled low side FET off without turn- turn-off operating
is ON off delay
OVP or Phase Fast turn-off, Fast turn- Turn-off Regular Turn-off with
Voltage Enabled Enabled Enabled Enabled low side FET off without turn- turn-off turn-off delay
is ON off delay
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When propagation is enabled, the faulty POL converter pulls its OK pin low. A low OK line initiates turn-off of other POL
converters in the group and signals the DPM to pull other OK lines low to initiate turn-off of other POL converters as
The regular turn-off of a POL converter means that the output voltage is ramping down according to its turn-off delay and
falling slew rate settings. If a POL converter triggers an undervoltage or overtemperature fault, it will initiate the regular turn-
off. In the case of an overcurrent or tracking fault, the POL converter initiates the fast turn-off by opening both high and low
side switches instantaneously. If either output overvoltage or phase voltage errors are triggered, the faulty POL converter
initiates the fast turn-off and turns on its low side switch. In addition, when an error is propagated, the DPM can generate
commands to turn off a front end (a DC-DC converter generating the intermediate bus voltage) and trigger an optional
crowbar protection to accelerate removal of the intermediate bus voltage (IBV).
Once the fault has recovered in the faulty POL converter, the other POL converters will turn on in a controlled manner
according to their turn-on delay and rising slew rate settings.
Margining can be executed separately for each group by clicking an appropriate radio button in the GUI IBS monitoring
window shown in Figure 10 or directly via the I2C bus by the margining command. All POL converters in a group are
margined in the same direction (up or down) by the percentage programmed individually for each POL converter.
9.5.3 Turn-ON and Turn-Off
Automatic turn–on upon application of the input voltage is enabled by checking the Auto Turn-On bit in the GUI Group
Configuration window shown in Figure 9. Turn-on and turn-off of various groups during the operation is controlled from the
GUI IBS Monitoring window or directly via the I2C bus by specific commands.
9.5.4 Interrupt Configurations
The DPM has four interrupt inputs that can be programmed to:
Inhibit the operation of one or several Groups of POL converters when pulled low or
Act as a Group Reprogramming Trigger.
The two functions are mutually exclusive – an interrupt can be either programmed as an Inhibit or as a Group
The interrupts are programmed in the GUI Interrupt Configuration window shown in Figure 16 or directly via the I2C bus by
specific commands. In Figure 16 the Interrupt 0 is programmed as the inhibit for group A and the Interrupt 2 is programmed
as the group C reprogramming trigger.
188.8.131.52 Group Inhibit
An interrupt input can be programmed to act as an inhibit on a single or multiple groups of POL converters. When the
interrupt input is pulled low, the DPM will pull the appropriate OK lines low. The affected POL converters will execute regular
turn-off ramping their output voltages down according to the turn-off delay and falling slew rate settings. Once the interrupt is
released, the POL converters will automatically turn-on according to their turn-on delay and rising slew rates settings.
The inhibit function can be used for a variety of applications, such as
Hardware-based control of groups of POL converters and Auxiliary Devices
Delayed turn-on at power-up (Automatic Turn-On is enabled but the interrupts are held low during power-
up. Note that POL converters can be programmed even when an interrupt is held low.)
The interrupt inputs should be controlled with open collector devices. The propagation delay between the external device
pulling the interrupt input low and the DPM pulling down OK lines and triggering the turn-off process is approximately 10μs.
This option is set as part of DPM/Configure/Faults dialogs.
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Figure 16. Interrupt Configuration Dialog
184.108.40.206 Group Reprogramming Trigger
An interrupt that is programmed as a group reprogramming trigger always acts only on one group of POL converters.
Interrupt 0 acts on Group A, Interrupt 1 acts on Group B and so on. The assignment is fixed and cannot be changed by the
When the interrupt is pulled low, the DPM will program the group of POL converters. Upon completion of the programming,
the DPM will turn-on the POL converters, if the Auto Turn-On is enabled. When the interrupt input is released, the DPM will
pull the appropriate OK line low. The POL converters in the group will execute regular turn-off ramping their output voltages
down according to the turn-off delay and falling slew rate settings. In addition, the DPM will clear all bits in the POL
Programming Status registers.
The group reprogramming trigger is mostly used to support hot swap of boards and daughter cards that do not have a DPM
installed on them as shown in Figure 17.
Figure 17: INT0 Configured as Group A Reprogramming Trigger
Mother Board or Back Plane Group A Daughter Card
IBV GND SD
DM7300 PPOPOOLLL Vox
In this configuration the Interrupt 0 (INT0_N) is configured as the group A reprogramming trigger. The DPM is installed on a
mother board or a backplane. A daughter card with a group of POL converters is being inserted in the system during normal
operation. At first, the long pins carrying power and the OK_A line signal make contact. Then the short pins carrying the SD
and interrupt signals make contact. Once the interrupt senses low input voltage, it will command the DPM to program all POL
converters in the group A. Upon completion of the programming, the DPM will turn-on the POL converters, if the Auto Turn-
On is enabled.
When the daughter card is being removed, the interrupt input is released as soon as the short pins break the contact. The
DPM will immediately pull the OK_A line low turning off all POL converters in the group A according to the turn-off delay and
falling slew rate settings.
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9.6.1 ACFAIL_N and RES_N
The ACFAIL_N and RES_N are active low digital inputs. When one of the inputs is pulled low, the DPM will pull all OK lines
low turning off all the POL converters and the Auxiliary Devices in all groups. The POL converters will execute regular turn-
off ramping their output voltages down according to the turn-off delay and falling slew rate settings. In addition, the DPM will
clear all bits in the POL Programming Status Registers and save the contents of the Run Time Counter into the non-volatile
memory. The AC_FAIL in or RES_N in bit in the IBS Monitoring Window will change to red. When the input is released, the
DPM will first program all POL converters and then turn them on, if the Auto Turn-On is enabled. Otherwise, the user will
need to send the turn-on command via the I2C bus.
The ACFAIL_N is typically connected to an AC-DC front end. Whenever the AC voltage disappears, the ACFAIL_N signal
will be set low. If there is no battery backup, it usually means the DC output will disappear after 20ms. If the turn-off delays
and falling slew rates of each POL converter are set to the values such that all POL converters will have fully turned off within
the hold time of the AC-DC front end, then output voltage tracking during turn-off is guaranteed.
The RES_N input has the same functionality as the ACFAIL_N input and can be connected to a simple turn on/off switch or
to a sensor that shuts the entire system down when it is activated.
The ACFAIL_N and RES_N inputs should be controlled with open collector devices. The propagation delay between the
external device pulling the input low and the DPM pulling down OK lines and triggering the turn-off process is approximately
9.6.2 Front End Enable
The FE_EN pin is dedicated to the control of a DC-DC Front End. The Front End is typically used to convert the 48V into the
intermediate bus voltage (IBV). If the DPM is powered from an auxiliary source, not from the IBV, it can control the DC-DC
When FE_EN is internally pulled up to 3.3V, the Front End is enabled. The FE_EN output can provide up to 5mA of current.
When the FE_EN goes low, the Front End is disabled. The Front End can be enabled and disabled via the GUI IBS
Monitoring Window or directly via the I2C bus using specific commands.
The FE_EN pin should not be directly connected to the Enable pin of the DC-DC Front End. Typically, the Enable pin is
referenced to the primary side of the Front End that is isolated from the low voltage secondary side. In addition, the Enable
pin can be pulled up internally to a voltage potentially damaging to the DPM FE_EN output. The best method is to interface
the DPM with the Front End through an optocoupler as shown in Figure 18. This configuration provides interface for negative
logic front ends.
Figure 18. Interface Between DPM and DC-DC Front End
DPM Front End
When the crowbar protection is enabled, the CB pin is internally pulled up to 3.3V for 1ms. It is capable of supplying 5mA to
turn on a crowbar circuit.
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The HRES_N is an active low digital input. When it is pulled low, the DPM will perform full hardware reset including
processor, memory, and communication interface. The POL converters and auxiliary devices will be turned off although
sequencing and tracking during the turn-off are not guaranteed. Communication with a host processor or GUI (if established)
will be lost. When the input is released, the DPM will first program all POL converters and then turn them on, if the Auto
Turn-On is enabled.
Unlike all other I/O pins on the DM73XX DPM, the HRES_N does not have an internal ESD protection diode connected to
VDD. Therefore, it is necessary to add the diode externally as shown in Figure 3.
The HRES_N function is intended as an emergency reset and except as indicated below, should not be used in
normal system operation.
It is necessary to use an external reset circuit (see Fig. 3) to hold the HRES_N line low until the VDD supply reaches steady
state conditions. Power-One Inc. successfully tested the On-Semi voltage detector p/n NCP303LSN27T1 although other
similar devices can also be utilized. Alternatively, the HW_RES pin can be connected to the output of a CPLD (or similar
device) and controlled via the system supervisory circuitry.
9.7 COMMUNICATION INTERFACES
9.7.1 I2C Interface
The DM73XX series DPMs have the industry standard I2C interface fully meeting the requirements of the I2C -Bus
Specification Version 2.1 from Philips Semiconductors. The I2C interface is working in the following configurations:
standard (100kbs) and fast (400kbs) data transfer rates
7-bit addressing: 4 MSBs fixed, 3 LSBs programmable by ADDR [2:0]. The address prefix of the DM73XX is 0x50.
This allows encoding DPM addresses 0x50, 0x52, …, 0x5E (Bit0 is the read/write bit)
The DPM always acts as the I2C slave while the host processor always acts as the I2C master. Refer to the “DPM
Programming Manual” for the detailed description of the I2C communications.
Note: It is recommended to use Power-One’s ZM00056-KIT USB to I2C Adapter kit for the communication between a DPM
and a computer with the Power-One I2CGraphical User Interface.
220.127.116.11 Watchdog Timer
In order to prevent occasional hanging of the I2C bus, a watchdog timer is started whenever an I2C command is initiated. If
the command is not executed before the watchdog times out, the DPM will assume that the I2C bus is in an error condition
(e.g. the SCL or SDA lines are pulled low continuously) and it will reset the I2C bus. The watchdog timeout is 1000ms. Since
the watchdog function is not a part of the standard I2C specifications, it can be disabled by the user.
9.7.2 JTAG Interface
The DM73XX series DPMs feature the JTAG interface that can be used for programming the DPM with user-specific
configuration settings. JTAG boundary-scan capabilities are not currently supported.
JTAG-programmable DPMs have unique 5-digit identifiers listed in Table 6.
Table 6. JTAG Programmable DPM Part Numbers
BASE PART NUMBER 5- DIGIT IDENTIFIER
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Only the DPM part numbers listed in the table can be programmed via the JTAG interface.
Note: The DPMs can be programmed via the JTAG only once. After initial programming via the JTAG, the DPMs may be
reprogrammed via I2C as necessary.
18.104.22.168 SVF File
In order to program a DPM via the JTAG interface, the Serial Vector Format (SVF) file needs to be generated. Click
Generate SVF button in the System Configuration window shown in Figure 8. It will open the SVF Generator window shown
in Figure 19.
The window allows specifying the location of the target DPM in the JTAG chain and setting delays to generate the
appropriate Serial Vector Format file. The resulting file is used to program the DPMs through the JTAG interface.
Refer to “Programming DM73XX DPMs via JTAG Interface” Application Note for more details.
Figure 19. SVF File Generator Window
22.214.171.124 JTAG Instructions
DM73XX series DPMs support only BYPASS and IDCODE instructions defined by IEEE 1149.1. SAMPLE/PRELOAD and
EXTEST instructions are not currently supported. Summary of the supported instructions is shown in Table 7.
Table 7. JTAG Instructions
INSTRUCTION OPCODE REGISTER FUNCTION
Places the 1-bit bypass register between the TDI and TDO pins, which
BYPASS 1111 Bypass allows the BST data to pass synchronously through the DPM to other
devices in the JTAG chain
IDCODE 0001 JTAG ID Selects the ID register and places it between the TDI and TDO
Note: The Instruction Register is 4-bit wide
126.96.36.199 Identification Register
Format and contents of the JTAG Identification Register are shown in Table 8.
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Table 8. JTAG ID Register
BIT 31 28 27 12 11 1 0
DESCRIPTION Version Part Number Manufacturer’s Identity 1
CONTENTS 0000 1001010100000010 00000011111 1
10 PINOUT TABLE
PIN PIN NO. PIN BUFFER PIN DESCRIPTION NOTES
NAME TYPE TYPE
VDD 6, 25, Supply --- Positive Supply
42, 57, 60
VSS 8, 9, 26 Supply --- Ground
38, 43, 58
SD 56 I/O ST/OCPU Sync-Data Line
OKB 13 I/O ST/OCPU OK Lines
FE_EN 17 O CMOS Front-End Enable
CB 23 O CMOS Crowbar Trigger
SDA 30 I/O ST/OC I2C Interface
SCL 27 I/O ST/OC I2C Interface
ADDR1 46 I STPU I2C Interface Address
IN1_N 40 I STPU Interrupts
TMS 32 JTAG Interface Leave open, if JTAG interface is
TDO 33 not utilized
EN1 7 O CMOS Auxiliary Device Enables
PG1 52 I STPU Auxiliary Device Power Good
RES_N 18 I STPU System Soft Reset
ACFAIL_N 16 I STPU AC-Fail Trigger
LCK_N 61 I STPU Write Protect Lock
HRES_N 4 I STPU Cold Reset See important usage
instructions in paragraph 10.6.4
IBVS 48 I A Intermediate Bus Voltage Sense
AREF 44 - A Analog Reference
IR 63 Internal Reset Connect to VSS via 10k
1, 2, 3, 10, 12, 14, 15,
nc 19, 21, 22, 24, 28, 29, - - No Connect Leave floating
35, 39, 59, 62, 64
Legend: I=input, O=output, I/O=input/output, P=power, ST=Schmitt-trigger, OCPU=open collector with pull-up, OC=open collector,
CMOS=CMOS output stage, STPU=Schmitt-trigger with pull-up, A=analog
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11 PINS DESCRIPTION
ACFAIL_N, AC Fail Input (Pin 16): Schmitt-Trigger input with internal pull-up resistor (active low). Pulling low the input
indicates to the DPM that an AC-DC front-end has lost the mains and that a system shut down should immediately be
ADDR[0:2], I2C Address Inputs (Pins 47, 46, 45): Inputs with internal pull-up resistor. The 3 bit encoded address
determines the DPM communication address for the I2C interface.
AREF, Analog Reference (Pin 44): An analog reference which is used internally. A 10nF capacitor should be connected as
close as possible to the package between AREF and VSS. See 188.8.131.52.
CB, Crowbar Output (Pin 23): A CMOS output which is used to trigger a crowbar (SCR) in case of overvoltage on the
Intermediate Voltage Bus.
EN[0:3], Enable Outputs for Auxiliary Devices (Pins 5, 7, 55, 50): CMOS outputs to control Auxiliary Devices like linear
regulators, analog POLs, fans or other devices.
.FE_EN, Front-End Enable (Pin 17): A CMOS output which is used to turn-on/off the DC/DC converter generating the IBV.
HRES_N, Hardware Reset (Pin 4): Input with internal pull-up resistor. When pulled low a cold start of the Digital Power
Manager is initiated. Refer to paragraph 10.6.4 for important information regarding connections of this pin.
IBVS, Intermediate Voltage Bus Sense (Pin 48): Analog input to an internal ADC circuit to measure the Intermediate Bus
Voltage. The full scale range of the input is 2.56V and the IBV should be scaled down by a factor of 5.7 for proper reporting
of the IBV with the d-pwer™ GUI.
INT[0:3], Interrupts (Pins 41, 40, 37, 36): Four active low inputs with internal pull-ups. Each of the inputs can be configured
for two functions: first, the interrupt input acts on the OK line(s) to stop momentarily the operation of group of POLs and
Auxiliary Devices, second the interrupt can be used as a hot swap trigger. In this function the interrupt input triggers the
programming of a group. When released, POLs are assumed to be disconnected from the DPM.
IR, Internal Reset (Pin 63): Connect to VSS via a 10kOhm resistor.
LCK_N, Memory Lock (Pin 61): Active low input with internal pull-up. When LCK_N is pulled low, all memory within the
DPM is write-protected. The write protection cannot be disabled by software.
OKA, OKB, OKC, OKD, Group OK Signals (Pins 11, 13, 20, 53): An open drain input/output with internal pull-up resistor.
Pulling low the OK input will indicate to the DPM a fault in a Group, the DPM can also pull an OK line low to disable a Group.
PG[0:3], Power Good (Pins 54, 52, 51, 49): Input with internal pull-up resistor. The pin is used to read the status of an
RES_N, Active Low Reset In/Out (Pin 18): Input with internal pull-up resistor. When pulled low a soft reset of the system
(sequenced turned off of all POLs and Auxiliary Devices) is initiated. When released the whole system is reprogrammed and
started if necessary.
SD, Sync Data Line (Pin 56): An open drain input / output with internal pull-up resistor. Communication line to distribute a
master clock to all converters and at the same time to communicate with all POLs.
JTAG Interface (Pins 34, 33, 32, 31): Connect to a JTAG IEEE-1149.1-compliant programmer supporting SVF files or leave
open, if not used.
VDD, Positive Supply (Pins 6, 25, 42, 57, 60): Supply voltage. At least 4x100nF decoupling capacitors should be
connected between VDD and VSS pins. All VDD pins must be connected.
VSS, Ground (Pins 8, 9, 26, 38, 43, 58): Ground. Decoupling capacitors need to be connected as close as possible to the
pins. All VSS pins must be connected.
NC, No Connect (Pin 1, 2, 3, 10, 12, 14, 15, 19, 21, 22, 24, 28, 29, 35, 39, 59, 62, 64): All nc pins must remain floating.
DM73XX Series Digital Power Manager 26 www.power-one.com/power
12 MECHANICAL DRAWINGS
Figure 20. DM73XX Mechanical Drawing
Figure 21. DM73XX Terminals
BCD.00317_AA_October-10-2013 27 www.power-one.com/power
MIN NOM MAX MIN NOM MAX
A 0.80 - 1.00 0.032 - 0.040
J 0.0 0.01 0.05 0.000 0.002
A1 0.20 ref 0.008 ref
D/E 9.00 BSC 0.354 BSC
D1/E1 8.75 BSC 0.344 BSC
D2/E2 4.50 4.70 4.90 0.177 0.185 0.193
P 0.24 0.42 0.60 0.009 0.016 0.024
e 0.50 BSC 0.020 BSC
L 0.30 0.40 0.55 0.012 0.016 0.022
b 0.18 0.25 0.30 0.007 0.010 0.012
Notes: 1. Compliant to JEDEC standard MO-220 variation VMMD-3
Figure 21. DM73XX Mechanical Drawing – Top View
nc IR nc LCK_N VDD nc VSS VDD SD EN2 PG0 OKD PG1 PG2 EN3 PG3
nc 1 48 IBVS
VSS EXPOSED PAD INT0_N
VSS CONNECT TO VSS INT1_N
ACFAIL_N 16 33 TDO
FE_EN RES_N nc OKC nc nc CB nc VDD VSS SCL nc nc SDA TCK TMS
- all "nc" - pins must remain floating
- all "VSS" - pins need to be connected together
- all "VDD" - pins need to be connected together
Note: I2C is a trademark of Philips Corporation.
NUCLEAR AND MEDICAL APPLICATIONS - Power-One products are not designed, intended for use in, or authorized for use as critical components in life
support systems, equipment used in hazardous environments, or nuclear control systems without the express written consent of the respective divisional
president of Power-One, Inc.
TECHNICAL REVISIONS - The appearance of products may change depending on the date manufactured. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
DM73XX Series Digital Power Manager 28 www.power-one.com/power
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