PSD Series Data Sheet
Dual Axis PSD with Sum and Difference Amplifier
Part Description DL100-7-PCBA3
US Order # 10-018
International Order # 500744
41.9 2X 8.9
3.2 35.56 2X 2.54
PSD CL ±0.50 1.57
22.3 TOOLING HOLE
28.7 PSD CL Y- Y+ 2X 2.3
3.2 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
2.54 TYP 2.1
ACTIVE AREA = 100 mm 2 8 PL 14.4
(10 mm X 10 mm)
DESCRIPTION APPLICATIONS RoH OMPL I A NT
The DL100-7-PCBA3 is a 10 mm X 10 mm dual axis position sensing diode on a PCB with sum NIR & visible pulsed light
and difference amplifiers. It also contains circuitry for applying a 14.3 V bias voltage to the positioning and tracking
position sensing diode, or the user can externally apply a bias voltage. The board has a 9 pin Laser beam tracking
connector attached for easy hook up.
Outputs are bipolar voltage analogs of the X and Y position of the light spot centroid, as well as
the total X current and the total Y current. The sum outputs may be used to externally normalize
the X and Y difference outputs. By normalizing the X and Y signals, they become independent of
fluctuations in light spot intensity.
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATING SPECTRAL RESPONSE @ 22C
SYMBOL PARAMETER MIN MAX UNITS
TSTG Storage Temp -15 +100 C 0.70
TOP Operating Temp 0 +70 C 0.60
VS Power Supply Voltage ±10 ±18 V RESPONSIVITY (A/W)
Recommended ±15V 0.50
VR Applied Bias Voltage* 0 ±10 V 0.40
CONNECTION PIN CONNECTIONS 0.30
S PIN FUNCTION
1 NEGATIVE BIAS VOLTAGE TO PSD 0.20
2 POSITIVE BIAS VOLTAGE TO PSD
3 Y AXIS VOLTAGE OUT- BIPOLAR 0.10
4 X AXIS VOLTAGE OUT- BIPOLAR
5 ANODE SUM (Y AXIS)- POSITIVE
6 CATHODE SUM (X AXIS)- NEGATIVE 0.00
7 +15 V SUPPLY VOLTAGE 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100
8 SIGNAL & POWER COMMON WAVELENGTH (nm)
9 -15 V SUPPLY VOLTAGE
ELECTRO-OPTICAL CHARACTERISTICS @ 22 C
SYMBOL CHARACTERISTIC TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
IO Output Current Limit Vs = ± 15 V; VR = 0 V --- --- 25 mA
Theoretical noise Vs = ± 15 V; VR = 0 V --- 15 --- nV/√Hz
-3dB Bandwidth** Vs = ± 15 V; VR = 10 V; = 880 nm --- 257 --- kHz
Resolution** Vs = ± 15 V; VR = 10 V; = 880 nm 1.0 --- --- µm
Linearity** Vs = ± 15 V; VR = 10 V; = 880 nm --- ±1 --- % of full scale
Maximum light intensity Vs = ± 15 V; VR = 10 V; = 880 nm --- --- 1.5 W/cm²
* actual bias voltage to photodiode: pad 1 voltage times 0.95.
** dependant on bias voltage
Disclaimer: Due to our policy of continued development, specifications are subject to change without notice.
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CATHODE 1 ANODE 1 J1 - PHOTODIODE BIAS (OPTIONAL) PIN 1
V(y) DIFFERENCE PIN 3
CATHODE 2 ANODE 2 V(y) SUM PIN 5
+15 V +15 V PIN 7
-15 V -15 V PIN 9
AGND ANALOG GROUND PIN 8
V(x) DIFFERENCE PIN 4
V(x) SUM PIN 6
BLOCK DIAGRAM + PHOTODIODE BIAS (OPTIONAL) PIN 2
The DL100-7-PCBA3 is a duolateral position sensing module composed of a 10 mm X 10 mm active area position sensing photodiode and
associated circuitry. It senses the position of a light spot on the surface of the photodiode and provides the voltage analogs of the X, Y and spot
The sensing diode is made using silicon technology and consequently responds to light wavelengths between 400 nm and 1100 nm. The output, as
a function of wavelength, follows our typical -7 process silicon photodiode responsivity curve.
Duolateral position sensing diodes are photodiodes with electrodes placed at the edges of the photodiode. Two resistive sheet s cover the pn
junction, with one sheet on top and one sheet on the bottom. As light impinges on the photodiode, the pn junction generates a current at the
centroid of the light power density. The current from this generator separates at the top resistive sheet according to Ohm’s law, and electrodes at
opposite ends collect the individual currents. The response at the bottom sheet layer is similar to the top sheet except that t he current is in the
opposite direction. The bottom electrodes are placed at edges orthogonal to the top electrodes.
The DL100-7-PCBA3 module contains amplifiers that convert the light generated currents into voltages. The voltages are then processed to
provide a bipolar signal for the X axis and a bipolar signal for the Y axis. The currents are further processed to provide a voltage for the total X
current and the total Y current. These voltages represent the light intensity. Note: the X SUM output voltage is negative, the Y SUM is positive.
Position sensing diodes of the type used in the DL100-7-PCBA3 module are more accurate if a reverse bias is applied across the diode. Installing
jumpers J1 and J2 will engage circuitry that uses the supply voltage to create and apply a reverse bias of ~95% of the supply voltage (14.3 volts
with a +/-15 V supply). In this configuration, there should be no connection to Pins 1 and 2. For bias voltages other than 14.3 volts, remove
jumpers J1 and J2 and hook up an external bias source to Pins 1 and 2. (For zero bias operation, just remove jumpers. No conn ection is necessary
to Pins 1 and 2). Although reduced bias will degrade the linearity performance of the PSD, voltage offset and noise can be improved. Determining
the optimum bias voltage for each application is usually a “trial and error” procedure. If determining positions over a large area of the PSD is
required, the built-in 14.3 volts bias is probably the best option. If low light levels and/or small incremental movement over a small area of the PSD
are the application, then zero to low bias voltage may work best.
Effects of Light Spot Shape, Size and Intensity
Since the photodiode current appears to be generated at the centroid of the light spot power density, it is the centroid loca tion that is tracked by
the voltage outputs. If any of the light spot is off the photodiode then the centroid of the light that does fall in the photodiode is the location
The ultimate resolution of the position sensor is signal to noise limited. Consequently, the spot intensity should be as great as possible without
causing damage to the photodiode. There is a limit to the intensity. The spot size and intensity should not concentrate the beam such that the light
power locally heats the detector surface above 110 C. In practice the light intensity should never exceed 1.5 W/cm². Many applications use an
intensity of 1 to 3 milliwatts for a spot size of 1 mm².
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The current outputs of the photodiode are dependant on the light intensity and as a result the voltage outputs are also depen dant on light
intensity. If the beam source changes intensity when the spot location is being sensed, then the output should be normalized using the sum signals
available on the DL100-7-PCBA3. Normalization is accomplished externally by dividing the location voltage by the sum voltage for the layer (X or Y)
being measured. The DL100-7-PCBA3 does not normalize the location output signals.
Ambient Light Considerations
Ambient light can cause errors and reduced resolution. If the ambient light is of homogenous power density over the entire diode surface it will
appear as a current source at the diode center. Since this apparent source adds to the signal current the overall current is i ncreased. The
differencing circuits will eliminate this current from the X, Y outputs but it will still be included in the sum circuit outputs.
If the beam to be tracked is monochromatic, or nearly so, a bandpass filter can be placed in front of the diode to eliminate most of the ambient
light. If the ambient light contains shadows that fall on the diode surface, the apparent current source will be off center and will contribute to an
offset in the position outputs as well as contributing to the sum outputs. Again, an optical filter can eliminate or reduce most of these undesirable
If the ambient light contains shadows that are changing with time then the position outputs and the sum circuit outputs will also show a time
varying signal that is related to the shifting ambient light.
Best resolution is obtained with the maximum allowable light intensity and optimum wavelength. The temperature should be held within
specification. Resolution obtainable under specified conditions is 0.5 µm or less.
Speed of Response
Increasing the PSD bias voltage will increase the speed of the DL100-7-PCBA3. The internally created reverse bias of 14.3 volts is sufficient for
most applications. As noted above, Pins 1 and 2 are provided to reduce the 14.3 V reverse bias, but biasing above 14.3 volts provides only a small
increase of speed. Care should be taken not to exceed the circuit common mode values and the breakdown voltage of the diode. See Absolute
Maximum Ratings on page one.
The rise and fall time of the DL100-7-PCBA3 module with the 1 cm² DL100-7-CER diode is better than 5 µs.
Linearity improves with increased reverse bias. The 14.3 V bias provided by the DL100-7-PCBA3 module gives a linearity of ± 1 percent of full
scale or better.
The operation temperature must be between 0 to 70 C. For best resolution the temperature should be kept at or below 25 C. Thermal gradients
across the detector will cause position errors and should be avoided.
Precision components are used in the circuitry but as much as 250 millivolts of dark offset may still be present in the outputs. If this causes a
problem the offsets should be removed externally.
USA International sales
First Sensor Inc. First Sensor AG
5700 Corsa Avenue, #105 Peter-Behrens-Str. 15
Westlake Village, CA 91362 USA 12459 Berlin, Germany
T + 818 706-3400 T + 49 30 6399 2399
F + 818 889-7053 F + 49 30 639923-752
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